Laws, Orders and Contracts
ART. 23. If after two years from the date of the concession, the colonist
should not have cultivated his land, the right of property shall be
considered as renounced; in which case, the respective ayuntaniento
can grant it to another.
ART. 24. During the first six years from the date of the concession,
the colonists shall not pay titles, duties on their produce, nor any contribution
under whatever name it may be called.
ART. 25. The next six years from the same date, they shall pay half
tithes, and the half of the contributions, whether direct or indirect, that
are paid by the other citizens of the empire. After this time, they shall
in all things relating to taxes and contributions, be placed on the same
footing with the other citizens.
AET. 26. All the instruments of husbandry, machinery, and other
utensils, that are introduced by the colonists for their use, at the time
of their coming to the empire, shall be free, as also the merchandise
introduced by each family, to the amount of two thousand dollars.
ART. 27. All foreigners who come to establish themselves in the empire,
shall be considered as naturalised, should they exercise any useful
profession or industry, by which, at the end of three years, they have a
capital to support themselves with decency, and are married. Those
who with the foregoing qualifications, marry Mexicans, will acquire particular
merit, for the obtaining letters of citizenship.
ART. 28. Congress will grant letters of citizenship to those who
solicit them, in conformity with the constitution of the empire.
ART. 29. Every individual shall be free to leave the empire, and can
alienate the lands over which he may have acquired the right of property,
agreeably to the tenor of this law, and he can likewise take away
from the country, all his property, by paying the duties established by
ART. 30. After the publication of this law, there can be no sale or
purchase of slaves which may be introduced into the empire. The children
of slaves born in the empire, shall be free at fourteen years of age.
ART. 31. All foreigners who may have established themselves in any
of the provinces of the empire, under a permission of the former government,
will remain on the lands which they may have occupied, being
governed by the tenor of this law, in the distribution of said lands.
ART. 32. The executive, as it may conceive necessary, will sell c:r
lease the lands, which, on account of their local situation, may be the
most important, being governed with respect to all others, by the provisions
of this law.
This law shall be presented to his Imperial Majesty for his sanction,
publication and fulfilment.--Mexico, 3d January, 1823-3d of the independence
of the empire.-Juan Francisco, Bishop of Durango. President.-Antonio
de Mier, Member and Secretary.-Juan' Batista de
Arispe, Member and Secretary.
Therefore, we order all tribunals, judges, chiefs, governors, and all
other authorities, as well civil as military and ecclesiastical, whatever
class or dignity they may be, to comply with this decree. and cause it
to be complied with in all its parts: and you will cquse it to be printed,
published and circulatecl.-Given in MIexico, 4th January, 1823.Signed
by the Emperor.-To Don Jose Manuel de Herrera, Minister of
Interior and Exterior Relations.
Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen. The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5872/. Accessed January 31, 2015.