The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1

62

Constitutive Acts

Potosi; New Santander, called also Tamaulipas; Tabasco; Tlascala; Vera
Cruz; Jalisco; Yucatan and Zacatecas. The Californias and the district
of Colima, (except the town of Tonila, which remains annexed to Jalisco)
will for the present be territories of the Federation and directly subject
to its supreme power. The districts and towns composing the province
of the Isthmus of Guasacualco will return to those to whom they formerly
belonged. The Lagune of Terminos appertains to the state of
Yucatan.
ART. 8. The constitution may increase the number of states mentioned
in the preceding article, and modify them as it may deem most conducive
to the happiness of the people.
Diz'ision of Pozvers.
ART. 9. The supreme power of the Federation is divided into the legislative,
executive, and judicial, and two or more of these powers can never
be united in one person or corporation, nor can the legislative power be
entrusted to a single individual.
Thze Legislat/ive Power.
ART. 10. The legislative power of the Federation resides in a Chamber
of Deputies and a senate, to be formed by the general congress.
ART. 11. The members of the Chamber of Deputies, and of the Senate
shall be named by the states in the manner prescribed by the constitution.
ART. 12. The population shall be the basis of appointment of representatives
to the Chamber of Deputies. Each state shall name two senators
in the manner prescribed by the constitution.
ART. 13. The general congress shall have the exclusive right to enact
laws and decrees;
1. To sustain the national independence, and to provide for the preservation
and security of the nation in its external relations.
2. To preserve public peace and order in the interior of the Federation
and to promote its improvement and general prosperity.
3. To maintain the independence of the states among themselves.
4. To protect and to regulate the liberty of the press throughout the
Federation.
5. To preserve the federal union of the states, definitely to adjust their
limits, and terminate their differences.
6. To sustain the relative equality of obligations and rights which the
states are entitled to according to law.
7. To admit new states and territories into the federal union, by incorporating
them with the nation.
8. To fix annually the expenses of the nation, after examining the
statements, which for that purpose will be presented to it by the executive
power.
9. To establish the contributions necessary to defray the general expenses
of the republic, to determine their investment, and to require an
account of their disbursement from the executive power.
10. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the different
states of the Federation and the Indian tribes.
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Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen. The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5872/. Accessed October 21, 2014.