The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1

68

Constitutive Acts

should enter upon the examination, not only of the form of government;
but likewise of the general existence of a desire to create one. You
know, Mexicans, the discussions which have taken place on this subject,
as well as their results. Your representatives cannot accuse themselves
of having hurried on the march of events, nor of having given an impulse
to the revolution. On the contrary, the nation being dissolved and
disorganised, as well as exposed to be the sport of passions and parties,
the General Congress, smoothing the difficulties, and sacrificing even
their own reputation, lends its aid to arrest the genius of discord and
disorder, restores peace and tranquillity, and pursues calmly its deliberations.
The division of the States, the installation of its respective legislatures,
and the construction of a multitude of establishments, which have
arisen in the short period of eleven months, furnish evidence that Congress
has fulfilled in a great degree the hopes of the people, without pretending
on this account to attribute to itself all the glory of such prosperous
principles, and still less the original invention of the institutions
which it has dictated. It had, fortunately, to do with a people obedient
to the voice of duty, and a mode] to imitate in the flourishing republic
of our neighbors to the North. It knew, fortunately, that the Mexican
nation only intended to shake off passive obedience, and to enter on the
discussion of their duties, interests, and obligations. It was fortunately
penetrated with the desires and necessities of its constituents, and endeavored
to fix their destinies, by giving to the public spirit a direction,
conformable to an opinion formed by circumstances truly extraordinary,
which had involved in a most disastrous revolution another people beyond
the limits of Mexico.
The Federal tepublic has been. and was the necessary fruit of these
discussions. The systematic tyranny of the Spanish mandarins could
alone incluce them to govern so immense a territory by the same laws,
considering the enormous differences of its climates, dispositions of its
inhabitants, and their consequent influence. What relations of convenience
or uniformity could possibly exist between the burning soil of
Vera Cruz and the frozen mountains of Nenw Mexico? How could the
same institutions govern the inhabitants of California and Sonora and
those of Yucatan and Tamaulipas? The innocence and candor of the
interior populations, have no occasion for laws relative to crimes and intrigues
wlich are entirely unknown to them. The inhabitants of Tamaulipas
and Coahuilas will reduce their code to a hundred articles,
while the inhabitants of Mexico and Jalisco will be on a level with the
great nations which have advanced in the career of social order. These
are the advalntages of the federal system: It gives each people the
right of selecting for itself laws, analogous to its customs, locality, and
other circumstances; to dedicate itself without impediment to the creation
and improvement of those branches of industry which it may deem
best calculated to promote its prosperitvy to give to its labors all the impulse
of which they are susceptible, without the difficulties created by
the colonial system, or any other which, being at enormous distances,
would. lose sight of the interests of those it governed: to provide for its
necessities in proportion to its progress; to place at the head of its administration,
individuals attached to the country, and possessing at the
same time sufficient knowledge to discharge their duties efficiently; to
( 68)

Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen. The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5872/. Accessed July 14, 2014.