TEXAS IN 1860.
culty might be obviated, as in some parts of the
State, by the use of cisterns, which will probably come
into universal use in those places where the health af
the country demands.
The part of the State east of the Trinity river is
bedded on-freestone; that west of it, is mostly upon limestone.
The mineral resources of the country, are not
developed to any great extent. As yet, there has been
no regular geological survey, but it is very evident that
such an examination would tend greatly to the interests
of the State, by a development of many natural advantages,
which at the present are unknown.
In several places, specimens of pure chalk, iron and
coal are found, which might be an object sufficiently
important to engage attention for rendering subservient
to the purposes for which nature designed them.
An impartial observer of the merits and advantages
which Texas possesses cannot but admire its general
adaptation to the support and comfort of civilized man.
In beauty and fertility it is the most perfect garden of
nature, and if those advantages which the State possesses
were brought into use and exercise, what a brilliant
prospect would open through the darkness of the future!
With the moral energy of the free and active people, it
can reasonably be hoped and expected that the arts,
science, industry, virtue and social happiness will increase
and spread where nature has conferred such distinguished
In order to delineate the State more definitely each
division will be taken separately and described with
Rankin, Melinda. Texas in 1850. By Melinda Rankin.. Boston. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6107/. Accessed July 12, 2014.