Early Texas Newspapers

What's Inside this Collection.

Early Texas Newspapers

The Early Texas Newspaper Collection is a collaboration between UNT and UT's Dolph Briscoe Center for American History. The project provides access to 12,280 pages of Texas newspaper pages that date as early at 1829.

The scope of the project includes sixty-one newspaper titles, and a total of 12,280 newspaper pages. A partial representative list of selected titles includes: The Texas Gazette (San Felipe de Austin), 1829-30, 60 pages; Telegraph & Texas Register (Houston), 1835-1845, 2,137 pages; Texas Republican (Brazoria), 1834-36, 127 pages; Galvestonian, 1839, 4 pages; Matagorda Bulletin, 1827-39, 128 pages; Redlander (San Augustine), 1841-1846, 140 pages; Southwestern American (Austin), 1849-53, 488 pages; Centinela (Brownsville, in Spanish), 1849, 4 pages; Texas Presbyterian (Victoria), 1846-48, 38 pages; Galveston News, 1848-1861, 112 pages; and Texas National Register (Washington), 1844-46, 88 pages.

Due to Texas's frontier nature, business uncertainties, and the volatility of the political situation with Spain and Mexico, no newspapers survived long in Texas up to the time of the Texas revolt against Mexico. Nine publishers printed newspapers between 1819 and 1836, but only the Telegraph and Texas Register was still in publication at the time of the Texas Revolution. The Telegraph and Texas Register became the paper of record for the Republic of Texas, and played a major role in keeping citizens informed. Five years after Texas became a state in 1845, the number of newspapers had grown to thirty-six. This collection of newspapers provides critical information regarding the early history of Texas, both as a republic and a state. This project was funded by a TexTreasures grant from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission.