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 Decade: 1960-1969
 Collection: Marfa, Diversity in the Desert
[Additional ruins of Presidio structure]
Photograph of Fort Leaton ruins in the Big Bend desert, near Presidio, Texas. Several wood support beams of varying lengths support the wall structure. A stone marker near the photograph's left quadrant describes the structure. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The mission was successful, and Christianized many of the tribes until the Padres were called back from this wilderness in the eighteenth century" (pp. 3-4). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39666/
Adobes
Research paper written by Sammy Cobos about the construction of adobe buildings. Several examples of adobe buildings from Marfa and Ruidosa are explained. This paper was written for an American History class at Marfa High School. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87961/
Airplanes
Research paper written by Cecilia Orozco about the 1st Aero Squadron, the first aviation unit used in active field service in the history of the United States Army. With the paper are two letters from Stacy C. Hinkle, which were used to write the paper. This paper was written for a history class at Marfa High School. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth88245/
[American and Texas flags]
Photograph of a flagpole, viewed from the ground looking up with an American flag at the top and a Texas state flag below. A cloudy sky is visible above the pole. The image accompanied the conclusion of a written speech, with the caption: "To those who would protest the American life of challenge and accomplishment, I would remind them, our land has never been easy. [...] The land is rich, not only in landscape, but also in the heritage of those who have tried to tame it. This is My Land, My Heritage, My Hope" (p. 14) texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39686/
American History Project
This is a paper describing the people who lived in Casa Piedra (otherwise known as La Punta del Agua). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39427/
Anne Jordan Childers
This is a paper describing Anne Jordan Childers texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39408/
Antique Wash Bowl
Photographs of antique wash bowl and pitcher owned by Jessie Mueller. This page was included in a paper written by Elizabeth Newton for an American History class at Marfa High School in November 1967. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87908/
Aunt "Lissie" Pertle
Photograph of Aunt Melissa "Lissie" Bryant Pertle, daughter of Dock Bryant. Here she is 88 years old, seated next to her great granddaughter Judy Wallace in 1968. This photo was included in a research paper by Mike Shurley for an American History class at Marfa High School in 1968. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87445/
Barb Wire
Research paper written by Robert White about the history of barbed wire. The paper mentions several individuals who obtained patents for differing types of barbed wire. This paper was written in 1966 for an American History class at Marfa High School. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87902/
Barbed-Wire: A Research Paper For American History
Research paper written by Cookie Schneider about the history and types of barbed wire. The paper mentions William D. Hunt, who obtained the first patent for barbed wire in 1867. This paper was written in 1967 for an American History class at Marfa High School. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87901/
Barbed Wire An Agent of Civilization
Research paper written by Steve Lee Graham about the history of barbed wire. The paper covers the early uses and controversies of barbed wire. It also covers how barbed wire is made. This paper was written in 1965 for an English IV class at Marfa High School. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87903/
[Barren Big Bend desert landscape]
Pphotograph of a barren Big Bend crater. Several edges of the crater contain sparse tufts of grasslands and a mountain range is visible in the far distance. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "These Indians were primarily farmers, whose fields lined the banks of the now dry rivers and creeks. The sites of the Jumano pueblos are still a source of artifacts" (p. 3). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39674/
[Barren landscape with small mountains in Big Bend]
Photograph of a grassy, barren Big Bend landscape, with mountains in the far distance. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The chief engineer gave the honor of naming the newly-created water store to his wife, who was reading a Russian novel" (p. 6). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39653/
[Ben Leaton and Juana Pedraza]
Picture of Ben Leaton and Juana Pedraza. Leaton is standing to the right of Juana, who is seated, and has his hand on her arm. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39662/
[Big Bend cave painting]
Photograph of a Big Bend cave painting that includes a picture of a cave buffalo in the upper-left quadrant, a small picture of a buffalo in the upper-right quadrant, and a picture of a caveman in the lower-left corner of the photograph. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The climate changed, and food shortages caused the Jumanos to become buffalo hunters, as evidenced by this cave painting" (p. 3). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39673/
[Big Bend desert landscape containing bushes and mountains]
Photograph of wildflowers and grasses in a canyon near Presidio County, Texas. There is a large bush of pink wildflowers in the foreground with green grasses and bushes behind. A rocky mountain range features prominently in the background and extends the width of the photograph. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Bluebonnets, our State flower, and sage bloom early in the year-round warmth in the Big Bend Park on the Rio Grande" (p. 2). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39680/
[Big Bend fossils and stones]
Photograph of seven stone items -- fossils of prehistoric shells and bones, and Indian manos (grinding stones) -- displayed on the bottom of a metal tub sitting on a grassy plain. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Water-dwelling dinosaurs, such as those related to the modern crocodile, and bird-like reptiles have been excavated from their rock prisons" (p. 1). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39697/
[Big Bend landscape with mountains and trees]
Photograph of a desert landscape in the Big Bend area, including trees and bushes with mountains in the background. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The Big Bend really began to open up when in 1882 the Southern Pacific Railroad planned to lay rails through Ft. Davis on its way to the ocean. The city fathers didn't want the noise of the trains to disturb their beautiful, quiet town, and the plan was revised so the tracks would be laid twenty-five miles south" (p. 6). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39655/
[Big Bend landscape with tractors]
Photograph of farm fields in front of a mountain range, located in the Big Bend area. Several tractors and wagons are visible on dirt roads around the fields and desert scrub is visible in the foreground. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The two to three hundred acres behind the mission have been given the title of 'the oldest piece of land continuously used for farming in North America'" (p. 4). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39664/
[Big Bend landscape with unidentified mountain peak]
Photograph of a desert landscape in the Big Bend area with a prominent mountain in the center. A dirt road is visible in the foreground as well as an unidentified building. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The city fathers didn't want the noise of the trains to disturb their beautiful, quiet town, and the plan was revised so the tracks would be laid twenty-five miles south" (p. 6). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39654/
Big Bend Trail Ride, 1961
Photograph of Molly Lawther handing a cup to Buck Newsome in the camp during the 1961 Big Bend Trail Ride, a three-day annual event sponsored by the Big Bend Trail Ride Association. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87841/
Big Bend Trail Riders from Odessa
Photograph of (L-R) J.B. Crow, Sammy Briggs. and Ray Briggs on horseback. They are members of the Odessa team taking part in the 1961 Big Bend Trail Ride, sponsored by the Big Bend Trail Ride Association. Sammy was the outstanding junior rider in the 1960 ride. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87843/
The Biography of George Dawson
Research paper written for a history class at Marfa High School about the rancher George Dawson from Shafter, Texas, who during his lifetime managed two large ranges, "El Rancho Del Pajorito" and "La Mora." In 1918, Dawson was called to the Army for World War I and was stationed in France for a year. Dawson spent the remainder of his life maintaining the two ranches with his wife, Juana Dawson, who was the main contributor of the information in this paper. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth494192/
[Biography of Jesse Blackwell]
This report gives a brief overview of the life of Jesse Blackwell, telling about his family and career as an educator. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39981/
Biography of Mr. & Mrs. Bogel
This report is written in two sections giving brief biographies of William Woodworth Bogel and his wife Sarah Newton Bogel. The report also includes a poem written by Mr. Whittier and dedicated to Mr. and Mrs. Bogel. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39987/
Biography of Mr. Robert Jefferson Carr
A history paper chronicling of the life of Mr. Robert Jefferson Carr. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39430/
Biography of Mr. Victor Dominguez
Research paper written for a history class at Marfa High School about Mr. Victor Dominguez, who was an employee at the Murphy-Walker Grocery Store in Marfa, Texas, until her started a taxi stand, and Mr. and Mrs. Alex Dominguez, Sr., a ranching family. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth494386/
The Biography of My Grandfather and My Grandmother
This is a research paper written by Luiz Campos for an American History Class at Marfa High School in 1966 about his grandparents. It describes a picture of them and gives a brief family history. Luiz's grandmother lived to be 112 years old! texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39433/
Bloys Camp-Meeting
This report discusses the history of the Bloys Camp-Meeting from its founding by Brother Bloys up through the time that the report was written (1964) with the use of first-hand accounts. The report is handwritten in ink on lined notebook paper texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth40213/
Bloys Campmeeting
This paper focuses primarily on Reverend William Benjamin Bloys and how he ended up starting the annual camp meeting. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39990/
[Bones and fossils in Big Bend]
Close-up photograph of woolly mammoth bones and fossils embedded in the soil, near Marfa, Texas. A red trowel is visible near the top of the image. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The land turned against the 'thundering lizards,' and the Age of mammals came upon the earth" (p. 1). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39696/
Border Patrol
This paper describes a number of photographs of the early Border Patrol in Marfa, Texas. It was written by Ernest Villareal for an American History class at Marfa High School in 1967. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87672/
The Border Patrol, It's History and Organization in Marfa
Report by Mark Covington for an American History class at Marfa High School in 1966. It tells the history of the U.S. Border Patrol in Marfa, Texas, why it was necessary and some of the laws governing immigration. There are stories about liquor and dope smuggling, wetbacks, and activities during WWII. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87684/
The Brite's of Marfa, Texas
This is a research paper written by Josephine Aguilor for an American History Class at Marfa High School on January 13, 1964. It contains biographical information about the Brite family, describing their home and their charitable acts in Marfa, Texas. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87649/
Burial Ground near Presidio, Texas
Indian burial ground near Presidio, Texas. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth40083/
Butter Churn
Photographs of a butter churn with its dasher owned by Mrs. Fox Parker. It has a number 3 on it and a maple leaf. This page was included in a paper written by Elizabeth Newton for an American History class at Marfa High School in November 1967. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87905/
Camp Holland
Paper written by William Kim Thornsburg about Camp Holland built in Viejo Pass near Valentine, Texas. He accounts that the last Apache battle in Texas and how the camp was used later to supply troops along the Rio Grande. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39440/
Camp Holland in 1966
Here is a colored view of the Camp of what it looked like in 1964. The green part in the center of the three long buildings was a water fountain. This photo was included in a research paper by William Kim Thornsburg in an American History class at Marfa High School in 1966. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39804/
[Canine artifact]
Photograph of an oval, white soapstone Indian artifact carved with the shape of a small canine. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The first tribe of Indians to be recorded were called the 'Basketmakers.' They quickly faded into the background with the coming of the Jumanos" (pp. 2-3). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39676/
[Capote Falls]
Postcard of Capote Falls, near Marfa. A small waterfall is cascading between two large cliffs. The tops of a few trees can been seen at the bottom left and right corners of the photograph. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39820/
[Car and set from movie Giant]
Photograph of a set from the movie, "Giant" including the front of a stone mansion with a car parked in front. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The house used for the shooting still stands in the pasture where it was put together nearly fourteen years ago" (p. 12). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39607/
[Carolina Borunda Humphries]
Photograph of Carolina Borunda Humphries cooking on a wood stove at The Old Borunda cafe. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Carolina Borunda Humphries has cooked on her wood stove in the kitchen at 'The Old Borunda' for many years. This restaurant has been in the Borunda family for three generations" (p. 13). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39691/
[Carving of dinosaur]
Photograph of a statue artifact in the shape of a dinosaur. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Early man, who created these artifacts, entered West Texas while the mammoth roamed free" (p. 2). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39678/
Casimiro Chavarria
Paper written by Eva Chavarria in 1967 for a history class at Marfa High School. It describes her grandfather, Casimiro Chavarria's family, his work on ranches, his farm and his travels. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39417/
Cattle Brands of Texas
This is a research paper written by Russell F. White for an American History Class at Marfa High School on May 4, 1964. It covers the history of cattle branding and has many illustrations of brands in Texas that were used by ranches in Texas, including those of Indians and Mexicans. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth87650/
Cedillo family
Paper describing photos of the Cedillo family. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39404/
Charley Bishop: "A Western Pioneer"
This report is a brief biography of Charley Bishop, starting with his parents and describing his entire life. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39989/
Chavirra and Nunez Family History
Paper written for a history class at Marfa High School by Stella Nunez about her family's history. It was written in 1967. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth39419/
Chon Dominquez
Research paper written for a history class at Marfa High School about Chon Dominguez, who made trips every week to Shafter, Texas, carrying tanks of oil for the usage of the mine machinery. Grammatical corrections are made in red ink, and the questions posed in red ink are answered or clarified in blue ink on the back of the preceding page. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth494421/
Cicilio Acosta
Paper by Mario Acosta about his relative, Cicilio Acosta, a farmer in Redford, Texas. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth88241/
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