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 Decade: 1960-1969
 Collection: Marfa, Diversity in the Desert
Barbed Wire An Agent of Civilization

Barbed Wire An Agent of Civilization

Date: May 7, 1965
Creator: Graham, Steve Lee
Description: Research paper written by Steve Lee Graham about the history of barbed wire. The paper covers the early uses and controversies of barbed wire. It also covers how barbed wire is made. This paper was written in 1965 for an English IV class at Marfa High School.
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
[Barren Big Bend desert landscape]

[Barren Big Bend desert landscape]

Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Description: Pphotograph of a barren Big Bend crater. Several edges of the crater contain sparse tufts of grasslands and a mountain range is visible in the far distance. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "These Indians were primarily farmers, whose fields lined the banks of the now dry rivers and creeks. The sites of the Jumano pueblos are still a source of artifacts" (p. 3).
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
[Barren landscape with small mountains in Big Bend]

[Barren landscape with small mountains in Big Bend]

Date: 1969
Creator: unknown
Description: Photograph of a grassy, barren Big Bend landscape, with mountains in the far distance. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The chief engineer gave the honor of naming the newly-created water store to his wife, who was reading a Russian novel" (p. 6).
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
[Ben Leaton and Juana Pedraza]

[Ben Leaton and Juana Pedraza]

Date: 1969
Creator: unknown
Description: Portrait of Ben Leaton and Juana Pedraza posing together. Juana is wearing a dark-colored dress and is seated in a wooden chair; Leaton is wearing a dark colored suit, standing to her left, with one hand on her arm. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "An exploratory group headed by John W. Spencer met in Chihuahua and came into the Big Bend" (p. 4).
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
[Big Bend cave painting]

[Big Bend cave painting]

Date: 1969
Creator: unknown
Description: Photograph of a Big Bend cave painting that includes a picture of a cave buffalo in the upper-left quadrant, a small picture of a buffalo in the upper-right quadrant, and a picture of a caveman in the lower-left corner of the photograph. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The climate changed, and food shortages caused the Jumanos to become buffalo hunters, as evidenced by this cave painting" (p. 3).
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
[Big Bend desert landscape containing bushes and mountains]

[Big Bend desert landscape containing bushes and mountains]

Date: 1969
Creator: unknown
Description: Photograph of wildflowers and grasses in a canyon near Presidio County, Texas. There is a large bush of pink wildflowers in the foreground with green grasses and bushes behind. A rocky mountain range features prominently in the background and extends the width of the photograph. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Bluebonnets, our State flower, and sage bloom early in the year-round warmth in the Big Bend Park on the Rio Grande" (p. 2).
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
[Big Bend fossils and stones]

[Big Bend fossils and stones]

Date: 1969
Creator: unknown
Description: Photograph of seven stone items -- fossils of prehistoric shells and bones, and Indian manos (grinding stones) -- displayed on the bottom of a metal tub sitting on a grassy plain. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Water-dwelling dinosaurs, such as those related to the modern crocodile, and bird-like reptiles have been excavated from their rock prisons" (p. 1).
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
[Big Bend landscape with mountains and trees]

[Big Bend landscape with mountains and trees]

Date: 1969
Creator: unknown
Description: Photograph of a desert landscape in the Big Bend area, including trees and bushes with mountains in the background. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The Big Bend really began to open up when in 1882 the Southern Pacific Railroad planned to lay rails through Ft. Davis on its way to the ocean. The city fathers didn't want the noise of the trains to disturb their beautiful, quiet town, and the plan was revised so the tracks would be laid twenty-five miles south" (p. 6).
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
[Big Bend landscape with tractors]

[Big Bend landscape with tractors]

Date: 1969
Creator: unknown
Description: Photograph of farm fields in front of a mountain range, located in the Big Bend area. Several tractors and wagons are visible on dirt roads around the fields and desert scrub is visible in the foreground. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The two to three hundred acres behind the mission have been given the title of 'the oldest piece of land continuously used for farming in North America'" (p. 4).
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
[Big Bend landscape with unidentified mountain peak]

[Big Bend landscape with unidentified mountain peak]

Date: 1969
Creator: unknown
Description: Photograph of a desert landscape in the Big Bend area with a prominent mountain in the center. A dirt road is visible in the foreground as well as an unidentified building. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The city fathers didn't want the noise of the trains to disturb their beautiful, quiet town, and the plan was revised so the tracks would be laid twenty-five miles south" (p. 6).
Contributing Partner: Marfa Public Library
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