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 Collection: Texas Oral History Collection
Oral History Interview with Melvin Harmon, October 21, 2002

Oral History Interview with Melvin Harmon, October 21, 2002

Date: October 21, 2002
Creator: Morris, Cork & Harmon, Melvin
Description: Interview with Melvin Harmon, a paratrooper during World War II. He discusses his paratrooper training and his time on Guadalcanal, Bougainville and other battles in the Solomon Islands. He also contracted malaria.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Jerell E. Crow, August 24, 2002

Oral History Interview with Jerell E. Crow, August 24, 2002

Date: August 24, 2002
Creator: Rabalais, Larry & Crow, Jerell E.
Description: Interview with Jerell E. Crow. He entered the Coast Guard in 1940 and trained in Florida and New York City. He served aboard a Landing Ship, Tank (LST) when those ships were first introduced. He traveled to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to the Neville Island Shipyard operated by the Dravo Corporation as part of a crew that brought an LST down the Mississippi River to New Orleans. From there, the crew practiced operations at Biloxi, Mississippi. Eventually, Crow travelled to San Diego aboard the LST through the Panama Canal. From there, he went to Guadalcanal and unloaded tanks. Eventually, his ship was hit at Saipan and he was wounded. He also served aboard an LST during the invasions of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Afterwards, Crow's LST was present in Tokyo Bay for the surrender. He visited Hiroshima while on occupation duty after the atomic bomb was dropped. Eventually, his LST made its way back to San Francisco where he was discharged.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Boyd K. Miller, January 21, 2003

Oral History Interview with Boyd K. Miller, January 21, 2003

Date: January 21, 2003
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & Miller, Boyd K.
Description: Interview with Boyd K. Miller, a draftsman and pilot during World War II. He discusses being drafted out of college and working as an artist and draftsman. Since he studied art in college, he worked on diagrams and charts. He then transferred to the Air Corps to become a pilot and trained in Pennsylvania, Mississippi, Alabama, New York, Georgia, Florida and Texas.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Earl Smyth, Jr., October 20, 2003

Oral History Interview with Earl Smyth, Jr., October 20, 2003

Date: October 20, 2003
Creator: Bryk, Clarence & Smyth, Earl, Jr.
Description: Interview with Earl Smyth, Jr., a serviceman during World War II. He discusses his time aboard the USS Saratoga at the Battle of Midway and at Guadalcanal, where the ship sustained two torpedo attacks. He saw Pearl Harbor three days after the attack.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Robert D. Haines, May 15, 2002

Oral History Interview with Robert D. Haines, May 15, 2002

Date: May 15, 2002
Creator: Graham, Eddie & Haines, Robert D.
Description: Interview with Robert D. Haines, an American prisoner of war during World War II. He discusses the attack on Clark Field in the Philippines on December 8, 1941, as well as his experiences on the Bataan Death March. He also tells of his time spent as a prisoner of war under the Japanese at Camp O'Donnell, Cabanatuan and Bilibid prison in Manila. He encountered his brother, who was a civilian internee, at Bilibid. From there, he rode on a hell ship for 39 days to a POW camp in Formosa (Taiwan). When the Americans began bombing Formosa, Haines was moved via another hell ship to Tokyo, Japan. Not long after, he was liberated and returned to San Francisco, then Denver.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with James Phinney, July 15, 2010

Oral History Interview with James Phinney, July 15, 2010

Date: July 15, 2010
Creator: Cox, Floyd; Phinney, James & O'Konski, Susan
Description: Interview with James (Jim) Phinney, an aircraft electrician for the U. S. Navy during Wold War II. He discusses joining the Navy, going through boot camp and becoming an aircraft electrician. He was assigned to the USS Lexington but abandoned ship after it was hit by a torpedo. He was rescued and was then sent to San Diego to be reassigned to the USS Enterprise. He mentions being at Guadalcanal and later aboard a sub-chaser. The crew crossed the Equator and consequently participated in an initiation ceremony, during which time Admiral Halsey was nearly shot by one of the ship's pilots who forgot to lock his gun. He also recalls some of the food he ate while at sea.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Alan W. Saunders, October 8, 2004

Oral History Interview with Alan W. Saunders, October 8, 2004

Date: October 8, 2004
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Saunders, Alan W.
Description: Interview with Alan W. "Buck" Saunders, a pilot during World War II. He discusses joining the Army Air Corps, becoming an airplane mechanic, and going to flight school for pilot training. He was stationed in India and flew supplies into China over the Himalayas (known by pilots as "the Hump"). In China, he traded items such as jewelry or opium for information on Japanese troop placements in Burma. He also discusses his meetings with native Burmese and talks about later experiences he had after the war and during the Vietnam War.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Valentin R. Ybarra, April 29, 2004

Oral History Interview with Valentin R. Ybarra, April 29, 2004

Date: April 29, 2004
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & Ybarra, Valentin R.
Description: Interview with Valentin R. Ybarra regarding his experiences during World War II. He discusses his wartime experiences in Peleliu and Okinawa as well as occupation duty in Japan and China. He also had an assignment in Spain. He remembers the Cuban Missile Crisis, the revolt in the Dominican Republic, and his service in Vietnam.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, March 29, 2003

Oral History Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, March 29, 2003

Date: March 29, 2003
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & Olivares, Hazael R.
Description: Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, a serviceman in the U. S. Navy during World War II. Olivares dropped out of high school and decided to join the U. S. Navy after hearing about the attack on Pearl Harbor. He took his 16-week basic training course at Great Lakes in Illinois where he learned how to fire various guns and recognize aircraft. After basic training, he was assigned to Algiers, Louisiana where he learned how to weld. Aboard the USS Bordelon (DD-881), he served as a Ship Fitter in the damage control department. After WWII, he remained in the reserves and was called up for duty in Korea. He served aboard the USS Sitkoh Bay (CVE-86). After Korea, he worked as a civilian for the Army Corps of Engineers as an oiler on a dredge. He then served in the Merchant Marines, hauling refined petroleum products from South America to North America. He also discusses going to French Indochina (Vietnam) and traveling up the Saigon River in a merchant vessel.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Hermi Salas, February 14, 2005

Oral History Interview with Hermi Salas, February 14, 2005

Date: February 14, 2005
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Salas, Hermi
Description: Interview with Oral interview with Hermi Salas, a U. S. Marine during World War II. Salas was assigned to the Third Marine Division and was present for the invasion of Guam in the Mariana Islands. He was wounded on Guam and evacuated to a hospital ship, the USS Solace. He also participated in the Iwo Jima landings. After a few weeks at Iwo Jima, Salas was wounded again and placed aboard the USS Solace. He discusses his experiences in the hospital recovering from the wounds he received in the Battle of Iwo Jima. Eventually, he made his way back to San Antonio. He also discusses a brief leave at home before he reported to prison guard duty in Corpus Christi. Upon being discharged after the war, Salas went to radio school and worked at Kelly Air Force Base in the Civil Service.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation