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 Collection: Texas Oral History Collection
Oral History Interview with Joseph B. Brown, March 24, 2001

Oral History Interview with Joseph B. Brown, March 24, 2001

Date: March 24, 2001
Creator: Cox, William G. & Brown, Joseph B.
Description: Interview with Joseph Brown, who was in the Marine Corps during World War II. He discusses going to Guadalcanal, various guns and artillery he used, the battle of Tarawa and getting malaria just before it, then going to Hawaii for more training before returning to the South Pacific and fighting on Saipan and Tinian. He also discusses being wounded on Saipan, having a bayonet run through his forearm and keeping the bayonet as a souvenir after the war, and he talks about some of his experiences and travels after the war.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001

Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001

Date: September 17, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Straus, David
Description: Interview with David Straus of San Antonio, Texas, a veteran from the United States Marine Corps during World War Two in the Pacific Theater as well as the Korean War. The interview includes some of Straus' background before the war and his personal experiences while in the Marines, including memories of Okinawa, various weapons, what happened at the end of World War Two, and his assignment in Korea.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with William F. Graham, March 24, 2001

Oral History Interview with William F. Graham, March 24, 2001

Date: March 24, 2001
Creator: Smith, Ned A. & Graham, William F.
Description: Interview with Bill Graham, a Marine during World War II. He begins by discussing joining the Navy and becoming a corpsman, then being transferred to the 2nd Marine Division after the Pearl Harbor attack. He also talks being in the first wave on Guadalcanal and various things that happened during the six months there, as well as contracting a severe strain of malaria, getting shipped back to the States and stationed near his home in Fort Worth, then returning to training in Virginia to prepare for an invasion of Japan.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Norman Apelt, September 23, 2001

Oral History Interview with Norman Apelt, September 23, 2001

Date: September 23, 2001
Creator: Bryk, Clarence & Apelt, Norman
Description: Interview with with Norman Apelt, an airplane mechanic during World War II. He discusses his service in the US Army Air Corps as an airplane mechanic in Pampa, Texas. After the war ended, Apelt was assigned duty in occupied Japan.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Charles Pase, April 12, 2001

Oral History Interview with Charles Pase, April 12, 2001

Date: April 12, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Pase, Charles
Description: Interview with Charles Pase, a marine during World War II. He discusses joining the Marines and training on New Zealand and other Pacific islands. He describes landing on Tarawa, the battle of Tarawa itself, and locating and burying the dead bodies after the battle. He also talks about going to Hawaii for more training before going to Saipan, various guns and artillery he used, encountering natives on Saipan and being in Nagasaki after the bomb was dropped. He relates ancedotes about having tonsillitis during the Tarawa attack, fights that some Marines got into with local Hawaiians while training there and prejudices against Japanese-Americans, mistaking a land crab that pinched the back of his neck for a bayonet, getting Dengue Fever, and faking a landing on April Fools' Day.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Willie Higgs, September 21, 2001

Oral History Interview with Willie Higgs, September 21, 2001

Date: September 21, 2001
Creator: Pickard, Kevin & Higgs, Willie
Description: Interview with Willie Higgs, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He joined the Marines in 1944 and trained at Camp Pendleton before being assigned to the 4th Marine Division. Higgs discusses arriving at Iwo Jima, making a grenade attack on a cave there, and subsequently breaking his leg. He then spent time aboard the hospital ship, USS Solace (AH-5). Upon returning home, Higgs finished his degree at Southwest Texas State in San Marcos, where he majored in music.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Mary Steele Leon, April 15, 1997

Oral History Interview with Mary Steele Leon, April 15, 1997

Date: April 15, 1997
Creator: Alexander, Bill & Leon, Mary Steele
Description: Interview with Mary Steele Leon, a secretary for the U. S. Navy during and after World War II. She joined the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES) and was trained as a secretary. Her first assignment was in the office of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) during World War II. The CNO at the time was Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King. After the war, she served as personal secretary for Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz while he was CNO. She was discharged in 1946.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Al Flocke, October 22, 2000

Oral History Interview with Al Flocke, October 22, 2000

Date: October 22, 2000
Creator: Nichols, Chuck & Flocke, Al
Description: Interview with Al Flocke, a radio operator during World War II. He discusses his flight training and being the radio operator on a B-24 bomber which did raids on Guam, Turk, Iwo Jima and other islands. He also relates anecdotes about food, rations, and living conditions on the islands.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Glenn E. McDuffie, January 21, 2008

Oral History Interview with Glenn E. McDuffie, January 21, 2008

Date: January 21, 2008
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & McDuffie, Glenn E.
Description: Interview with Glenn E. McDuffie, an Armed Guard in the U. S. Navy during World War II. He discusses lying about his age in order to join the navy at 15 and his experience in boot camp. He served as an Armed Guard on merchant ships that transported supplies across the Atlantic and remembers being in London while German bombers flew overhead. He transported German prisoners out of Marseilles and Naples shortly after the liberation of those cities. He remembers going to Times Square upon hearing that the Japanese had surrendered. He claims to have been the sailor in the iconic photo of the sailor kissing the nurse in Times Square on V-J Day. He describes how he proved he was the sailor in the photo, what he did after the war, and how he learned that his brother survived the Bataan Death March.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with J. Glen Cleckler, November 24, 2006

Oral History Interview with J. Glen Cleckler, November 24, 2006

Date: November 24, 2006
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & Cleckler, J. Glen
Description: Interview with J. Glen Cleckler, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He discusses his background, including the day he and seven of his friends skipped school to see a movie. In order to provide a believable excuse for their absence to their principal, they went to a recruiting office to get informational forms. The principal then gave them permission to graduate early to join the Marines. He discusses his experiences in boot camp and other training programs and the Battle of Iwo Jima, including hygiene during the battle and the famous flag-raising there. He shares some stories about one of the flag-raisers, Harlan Block, who had been part of the group that enlisted in the Marines with him. He also recalls returning to the United States on a ship full of Section-8 soldiers (PTSD victims), meeting German prisoners of war, and living with Jim Crow laws.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation