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 Collection: Texas Oral History Collection
Oral History Interview with Garvin Kowalke, January 23, 2001

Oral History Interview with Garvin Kowalke, January 23, 2001

Date: January 23, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Kowalke, Garvin
Description: Interview with Garvin Kowalke, a pilot during World War II. He discusses joining the Army Air Corps, going to Air Cadet training to become a pilot, and training on various aircraft (AT-17, UC-78, P-36, P-33, T-6, BT-13, B-17, B-29) before becoming a B-29 pilot; he shipped out to Guam and flew standard and fire bombing runs over Japan. He discusses having to ditch the plane on the way back to Guam once when the engines failed, seeing another B-29 crew have to bail out over Toyko Bay and get picked up by a U.S. submarine that was in the Bay, getting pulled down to the fires when they were trying to hide in the smoke to avoid Japanese fighter planes, and getting caught in a storm by Mount Fujiyama, as well as collecting data such wind direction, speed, and temperature over Hiroshima for future bombing runs, which turned out to be for the bombers who dropped the atomic bomb. He also talks about flying over Hiroshima two days after the bombing and gauging how high the radiation levels were at different altitudes. He also talks about being in the Korean and Vietnam Wars, becoming a B-57 pilot, and adopting a ...
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Gayle Reaves-King, April 4, 2012

Oral History Interview with Gayle Reaves-King, April 4, 2012

Date: April 5, 2012
Creator: Ayers, Cesta
Description: Interview with Gayle Reaves-King,a journalist in Fort Worth, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, family life, and her career with The Dallas Morning News and other newspapers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Frank W. and Sue Mayborn School of Journalism
Oral History Interview with Gilberto S. Trevino, February 18, 2005

Oral History Interview with Gilberto S. Trevino, February 18, 2005

Date: February 18, 2005
Creator: Atkinson, Scott & Trevino, Gilberto S.
Description: Interview with Gilberto S. Trevino, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He attended Texas A&M before serving in the Marine Corps. He was in the 28th Replacement Battalion when he was assigned to the 3d Marine Division and deployed to Iwo Jima. He discusses his first impressions of landing on the island. He describes the constructed Japanese defenses on the island and the use of Japanese Nisei interpreters to convince defenders to surrender. He returned to Texas A&M where he was in the Corps of Cadets (ROTC) and accepted his commission in the Army in time to serve in Korea. He eventually earned his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from Texas A&M and a doctorate degree in pathology from Michigan State University. He retired from service in 1976 with the rank of colonel.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Glenn E. McDuffie, January 21, 2008

Oral History Interview with Glenn E. McDuffie, January 21, 2008

Date: January 21, 2008
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & McDuffie, Glenn E.
Description: Interview with Glenn E. McDuffie, an Armed Guard in the U. S. Navy during World War II. He discusses lying about his age in order to join the navy at 15 and his experience in boot camp. He served as an Armed Guard on merchant ships that transported supplies across the Atlantic and remembers being in London while German bombers flew overhead. He transported German prisoners out of Marseilles and Naples shortly after the liberation of those cities. He remembers going to Times Square upon hearing that the Japanese had surrendered. He claims to have been the sailor in the iconic photo of the sailor kissing the nurse in Times Square on V-J Day. He describes how he proved he was the sailor in the photo, what he did after the war, and how he learned that his brother survived the Bataan Death March.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Glenn G. Morgan, February 17, 2005

Oral History Interview with Glenn G. Morgan, February 17, 2005

Date: February 17, 2005
Creator: Morris, Cork & Morgan, Glenn G.
Description: Interview with Glenn G. Morgan, a bugler in the U. S. Navy during World War II. He was a bugler aboard the USS Indianapolis and experienced a kamikaze attack during the Okinawa campaign. He also describes transporting the crate that contained the first atomic bomb to Tinian, the ship's sinking, and the four days and five nights he spent in a life raft waiting to be rescued.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Glenn G. Morgan, February 17, 2005

Oral History Interview with Glenn G. Morgan, February 17, 2005

Date: February 17, 2005
Creator: Morris, Cork & Morgan, Glenn G.
Description: Interview with Glenn G. Morgan of Weatherford, Texas, who is a veteran of the United States Navy. In the interview, Mr. Morgan talks about his time before the war as well as his military training, travels, life on and the sinking of the USS Indianapolis, and his survival at sea.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Gloria Campos, October 24, 2012

Oral History Interview with Gloria Campos, October 24, 2012

Date: October 24, 2012
Creator: Aguilar, Elvira & Campos, Gloria
Description: Interview with Gloria Campos, a journalist in Dallas, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, and her career as a reporter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Frank W. and Sue Mayborn School of Journalism
Oral History Interview with Guinn Rasbury, April 30, 2004

Oral History Interview with Guinn Rasbury, April 30, 2004

Date: April 30, 2004
Creator: Graham, Eddie & Rasbury, Guinn
Description: Interview with Guinn Rasbury, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He discusses joining the Marines, being part of the invasion force at Florida and Tulagi Islands, having multiple malaria attacks, being transferred to Maine to cure his malaria, being transferred around the United States, and finally returning to the Pacific theater. He explains how being sick with malaria and getting bumped from a plane ride home saved his life. He shares anecdotes about sounding "Taps" at a memorial service for President Roosevelt and being chairman of the Second Marine Division Memorial Scholarship Fund Committee.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with H. L. Obermiller, April 30, 2004

Oral History Interview with H. L. Obermiller, April 30, 2004

Date: April 30, 2004
Creator: Metzler, Ed & Obermiller, H. L.
Description: Interview with H. L. Obermiller, a Pharmacist's Mate during World War II. He discusses his involvement in the Battles of Tarawa, Saipan and Tinian, where he served as a Pharmacist's Mate. He remembers having Spam for Thanksgiving, meeting Navajo code talkers, and writing letters home.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, March 29, 2003

Oral History Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, March 29, 2003

Date: March 29, 2003
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & Olivares, Hazael R.
Description: Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, a serviceman in the U. S. Navy during World War II. Olivares dropped out of high school and decided to join the U. S. Navy after hearing about the attack on Pearl Harbor. He took his 16-week basic training course at Great Lakes in Illinois where he learned how to fire various guns and recognize aircraft. After basic training, he was assigned to Algiers, Louisiana where he learned how to weld. Aboard the USS Bordelon (DD-881), he served as a Ship Fitter in the damage control department. After WWII, he remained in the reserves and was called up for duty in Korea. He served aboard the USS Sitkoh Bay (CVE-86). After Korea, he worked as a civilian for the Army Corps of Engineers as an oiler on a dredge. He then served in the Merchant Marines, hauling refined petroleum products from South America to North America. He also discusses going to French Indochina (Vietnam) and traveling up the Saigon River in a merchant vessel.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation