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 Collection: Texas Oral History Collection
Oral History Interview with Hermi Salas, February 14, 2005
Interview with Oral interview with Hermi Salas, a U. S. Marine during World War II. Salas was assigned to the Third Marine Division and was present for the invasion of Guam in the Mariana Islands. He was wounded on Guam and evacuated to a hospital ship, the USS Solace. He also participated in the Iwo Jima landings. After a few weeks at Iwo Jima, Salas was wounded again and placed aboard the USS Solace. He discusses his experiences in the hospital recovering from the wounds he received in the Battle of Iwo Jima. Eventually, he made his way back to San Antonio. He also discusses a brief leave at home before he reported to prison guard duty in Corpus Christi. Upon being discharged after the war, Salas went to radio school and worked at Kelly Air Force Base in the Civil Service. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204507/
Oral History Interview with J. Edmund Kirby, March 1998
A video interview with Dr. J. Edmund Kirby (1908-2006), a McMurry alumnus (class of 1931), and his wife Ruth discussing their experiences at McMurry and their life together. Dr. Kirby was a professor of Bible at McMurry from 1945-1947, and later served as a McMurry Trustee. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth404810/
Oral History Interview with J. Glen Cleckler, November 24, 2006
Interview with J. Glen Cleckler, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He discusses his background, including the day he and seven of his friends skipped school to see a movie. In order to provide a believable excuse for their absence to their principal, they went to a recruiting office to get informational forms. The principal then gave them permission to graduate early to join the Marines. He discusses his experiences in boot camp and other training programs and the Battle of Iwo Jima, including hygiene during the battle and the famous flag-raising there. He shares some stories about one of the flag-raisers, Harlan Block, who had been part of the group that enlisted in the Marines with him. He also recalls returning to the United States on a ship full of Section-8 soldiers (PTSD victims), meeting German prisoners of war, and living with Jim Crow laws. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204512/
Oral History Interview with Jack Kleiss, September 29, 2000
Interview with Jack Kleiss, a pilot during World War II. He discusses training for carrier landings on USS Enterprise; the arrival of VMF-211 aboard Enterprise and their delivery to Wake Island; and the attack on Pealr Harbor on 7 December 1941. Kleiss was in a dive bomber and attacked Japanese carriers at the Battle of Midway, where he earned the Navy Cross. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204463/
Oral History Interview with James F. Sansom, October 8, 2004
Interview with James F. Sansom, an officer in the U. S. Army during World War II. Sansom joined the Army in 1940 and began training on anti-aircraft guns in Florida. He was selected for Officer Candidate School (OCS) and was commissioned a second lieutenant in 1942. He was assigned to the 843rd Anti-Aircraft Artillery Air Warning Battalion, which made its way to India via the Panama Canal and Australia. Shortly after reaching Calcutta, the unit moved to Myitkyina, Burma. After the war, Sansom was assigned to Sagumo Prison outside Tokyo where Japanese war criminals were being held while on trial for war crimes. He describes some of the routines and residents in the prison. Sansom taught Hideki Tojo how to play card games like gin rummy. Sansom also describes the process of executing convicted prisoners as he carried out some sentences. In all, he executed nine convicted war criminals. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204504/
Oral History Interview with James Macia, July 21, 2000
Interview with James "Herb" Macia of San Antonio, Texas, who is a veteran of the United States Armed Forces during World War Two. In the interview, Mr. Thomas recalls memories about growing up as well as his days as a mining engineer, the Doolittle Raid, North Africa, Normandy, and D-Day. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth193884/
Oral History Interview with James Macia, July 21, 2000
Interview with James "Herb" Macia of San Antonio, Texas, who is a veteran of the United States Armed Forces during World War Two. In the interview, Mr. Macia recalls memories about growing up as well as his days as a mining engineer, the Doolittle Raid, North Africa, Normandy, and D-Day. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204462/
Oral History Interview with James Phinney, July 15, 2010
Interview with James (Jim) Phinney, an aircraft electrician for the U. S. Navy during Wold War II. He discusses joining the Navy, going through boot camp and becoming an aircraft electrician. He was assigned to the USS Lexington but abandoned ship after it was hit by a torpedo. He was rescued and was then sent to San Diego to be reassigned to the USS Enterprise. He mentions being at Guadalcanal and later aboard a sub-chaser. The crew crossed the Equator and consequently participated in an initiation ceremony, during which time Admiral Halsey was nearly shot by one of the ship's pilots who forgot to lock his gun. He also recalls some of the food he ate while at sea. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204520/
Oral History Interview with James William Harrison, January 27, 2005
Interview with James William "Bill" Harrison, a serviceman in the U. S. Navy during World War II. He explains how he joined the navy in San Diego without going to boot camp. He worked on an oil tanker that shipped out to Pearl Harbor a month after the attack there and transported fuel out of San Diego to various ships at sea. He was then transfered to Admiral Nimitz's public relations department. There he and two others wrote stories about the action in the Pacific theater, particularly about the Battle of Midway. They also contributed to a radio show and worked with the national press corps. He then worked at the Naval Air Station in Seattle before traveling to Hilo, Hawaii to meet with soldiers who had returned from Tarawa. In Texas, he attended officer training school and college at Southwestern University. After the war ended, he studied at the University of Texas and University of Oklahoma for law school. He recalls an incident in which his office released a story about a cat that had kittens on board a cruiser; they reported this good news from the Pacific prior to the Battle of Midway. He also met Admirals Nimitz and Byrd, typed up a letter for Elliott Roosevelt to his father (without knowing at the time that he was President Roosevelt's son), and received a ride from shipbuilder and Kaiser Permanente founder Henry J. Kaiser while hitchhiking during leave. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204506/
Oral History Interview with Jerell E. Crow, August 24, 2002
Interview with Jerell E. Crow. He entered the Coast Guard in 1940 and trained in Florida and New York City. He served aboard a Landing Ship, Tank (LST) when those ships were first introduced. He traveled to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to the Neville Island Shipyard operated by the Dravo Corporation as part of a crew that brought an LST down the Mississippi River to New Orleans. From there, the crew practiced operations at Biloxi, Mississippi. Eventually, Crow travelled to San Diego aboard the LST through the Panama Canal. From there, he went to Guadalcanal and unloaded tanks. Eventually, his ship was hit at Saipan and he was wounded. He also served aboard an LST during the invasions of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Afterwards, Crow's LST was present in Tokyo Bay for the surrender. He visited Hiroshima while on occupation duty after the atomic bomb was dropped. Eventually, his LST made its way back to San Francisco where he was discharged. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204484/
Oral History Interview with Jessie Clark, June 6, 2002
Interview with Jessie Clark regarding her experiences during World War II. She discusses having to adjust to a lifestyle of rationing for food products and shoes as well as blackouts and scrap metal drives. Her husband worked for the Southern Pacific Railroad and was often absent while she stayed home to raise their children in Houston. She discusses the scarcity of toys during Christmas and hosiery. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204482/
Oral History Interview with Jewell Posey, April 1998
A video interview with Jewel Posey (McMurry class of 1927) discussing her experiences at McMurry as a student, and as a faculty member. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth404806/
Oral History Interview with Jill Labbe, November 8, 2012
Interview with Jill "J.R." Labbe, a journalist in Fort Worth, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, and her career as an editorial director for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc154706/
Oral History Interview with Jo Crutchfield, April 1998
A video interview with Jo Crutchfield (McMurry class of 1937) in which she discusses her memories of McMurry and of her acquaintance with Gypsy Ted Sullivan Wylie. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth404804/
Oral History Interview with John Wilson, January 31, 2002
Interview with John Wilson, an officer in the U. S. Army during World War II. Wilson was born in Illinois but attended high school in the Philippines after his father accepted an engineering position there. He graduated from high school in 1939 and then enrolled in the University of Wisconsin, where he participated in the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) program. He graduated and took his commission in the Army in 1943. After Officer Candidate School (OCS), he was assigned to an engineering unit slated to participate in the invasion of the Philippines. He eventually landed on Luzon. On Luzon he was assigned temporary duty with a small Philippine Civil Affairs unit that was made up of officers and men who had relatives interned by the Japanese in the Philippines. His small unit made their way to Santo Tomas where he liberated many friends and old school mates. A few weeks later, Wilson liberated his father, a civilian internee at Los Banos. Wilson remained with his unit constructing hospitals in the Philippines in anticipation of the casualties expected from the invasion of the Japanese home islands. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204480/
Oral History Interview with Joseph B. Brown, March 23, 2001
Interview with Joseph B. Brown of Abilene, Texas, who is a World War Two veteran of the United States Marine Corps. In the interview, Mr. Brown recalls memories of growing up and his time in the Marines, particularly from training, being wounded, and working campaigns in the South Pacific. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth193879/
Oral History Interview with Joseph B. Brown, March 24, 2001
Interview with Joseph Brown, who was in the Marine Corps during World War II. He discusses going to Guadalcanal, various guns and artillery he used, the battle of Tarawa and getting malaria just before it, then going to Hawaii for more training before returning to the South Pacific and fighting on Saipan and Tinian. He also discusses being wounded on Saipan, having a bayonet run through his forearm and keeping the bayonet as a souvenir after the war, and he talks about some of his experiences and travels after the war. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204471/
Oral History Interview with Joyce E. Sarvey, October 21, 2000
Interview with Joyce E. Sarvey discussing her work with Western Union in San Antonio, Texas during World War II. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204464/
Oral History Interview with Karen Hughes, April 12, 2012
Interview with Karen Hughes,a journalist and political advisor who worked in Dallas, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, and her career at KXAS-TV Channel 5. She also talks about her time as an advisor to George W. Bush, starting when he ran for governor in 1994. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94260/
Oral History Interview with Katie Sherrod, November 10, 2012
Interview with Katie Sherrod, a journalist in Dallas and Forth Worth, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, her involvement in various women's rights movements during the 1970s, and her career as a newspaperwoman and a broadcast journalist. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc154708/
Oral History Interview with L. B. Blackmon, April 10, 2007
Transcription of a phone interview with L. B. Blackmon of Corpus Christi, Texas, a World War Two veteran of the United States Marine Corps. In the interview, Mr. Brown talks about his time in the Marines as well as life growing up during the Great Depression and other biographical information. He recalls memories of surviving Pearl Harbor, guard duty around naval storage in Hawaii, and the Horse Marines. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth193878/
Oral History Interview with L. B. Blackmon, April 10, 2007
Interview with L. B. Blackmon, a serviceman in the U. S. Navy during World War II. He discusses boot camp in San Diego, his assignment to Pearl Harbor, and his experiences during the attack. He later trained cadets in Corpus Christi. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204513/
Oral History Interview with Lewis R. Hopkins, January 15, 2004
Interview with Lewis R. Hopkins, a pilot during World War II. He describes growing up on a farm in Georgia, going to college at Berry, and working for Sears, Roebuck, and the Royal Typewriter Company before joining the U. S. Navy. He tells an anecdote about joining the navy so he could go to New York to see the World's Fair, since he had heard the Atlanta Reserve would be making a trip to the Fair. He began flight training in Florida in December 1940, finished the next September, then drove cross-country to San Francisco after the Pearl Harbor attack. He eventually joined the USS Enterprise in April 1942 and saw the B-25 bombers in the Doolittle Raid take off. He was part of Bombing Squadron Six and trained under Commander Best to learn how to do scouting flights, navigation, and dive bombing. He then describes his participation in the Battle of Midway, the hours before take-off, his first view of the Japanese fleet, and his bombing mission. He was later assigned to the USS Hornet and had to fly off to a little island so that planes from the USS Wasp could land on the Hornet after their ship had been torpedoed. He contracted malaria while he was on the island. He transferred to the USS Northhampton, then back to the United States to train pilots in dive-bombing at Jacksonville, Florida. He then received post-graduate training in aeronautical engineering at Annapolis and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in order to research and develop aircraft logistics. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204496/
Oral History Interview with Lloyd C. Fons, October 29, 2008
Interview with Lloyd C. Fons, an officer in the U. S. Navy during World War II. After completing midshipman's school and earning a commission, Fons served aboard patrol torpedo (PT) boats in the Philippines. He served in Squadron 17 aboard three different boats - 229, 230 and 231. He eventually became the commanding officer of PT 229 in July, 1945. His primary assignment seemed to be delivering guerrillas to various locations in Mindoro and Luzon. After the war, Fons was transferred to Hong Kong where he was commanding officer aboard a yard patrol boat, YP 641, for 11 months. Here, his primary duty seemed to be delivering frozen and refrigerated food to other ships. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204517/
Oral History Interview with Lowell Dean Cox, February 1, 2005
Interview with Lowell Dean Cox, a serviceman in the U. S. Navy during World War II. He discusses joining the Navy and serving aboard the USS Indianapolis (CA-35). He was on board when the cruiser was attacked by a Japanese submarine and survived for five days in the water before being rescued. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204509/
Oral History Interview with Mary Schandua, July 9, 2004
Interview with Mary Schandua, a riveter for the Boeing Company during World War II. Florence Reeves also participates in the interview. She began working for the Boeing Company as a riveter in Seattle after she married her husband John, who was in the service. She assembled wing sections on aircraft. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204503/
Oral History Interview with Mary Steele Leon, April 15, 1997
Interview with Mary Steele Leon, a secretary for the U. S. Navy during and after World War II. She joined the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES) and was trained as a secretary. Her first assignment was in the office of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) during World War II. The CNO at the time was Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King. After the war, she served as personal secretary for Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz while he was CNO. She was discharged in 1946. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204476/
Oral History Interview with Maurice Stamps, March 18, 2009
Interview with Maurice Stamps, a serviceman in the U. S. Army during World War II. Stamps discusses growing up on a farm in Iowa, joining the army, going to Hawaii and staying at Schofield Barracks. He was assigned to the Classification/Assignment section at Fort Shafter without ever having basic training. He was later assigned to the Message Center at Ft. Shafter. He remembers his correspondence with his girlfriend Enid, whom he married upon his discharge in 1946. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204519/
Oral History Interview with Melvin Harmon, October 21, 2002
Interview with Melvin Harmon, a paratrooper during World War II. He discusses his paratrooper training and his time on Guadalcanal, Bougainville and other battles in the Solomon Islands. He also contracted malaria. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204488/
Oral History Interview with Nancy Lieberman, November 8, 2012
Interview with Nancy Lieberman, a sports broadcast journalist. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up in New York, her time on the first women's Olympic basketball team, and her career as a coach, author, and journalist on ESPN. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc154712/
Oral History Interview with Norma Adams-Wade, April 6, 2012
Interview with Norma Adams-Wade, a journalist in Dallas, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, and her career doing investigative reporting and other writing for The Dallas Morning News. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94254/
Oral History Interview with Norman Apelt, September 23, 2001
Interview with with Norman Apelt, an airplane mechanic during World War II. He discusses his service in the US Army Air Corps as an airplane mechanic in Pampa, Texas. After the war ended, Apelt was assigned duty in occupied Japan. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204478/
Oral History Interview with O. H. King, September 28, 2002
Interview with O. H. "Karl" King of Fort Worth, Texas, who is a World War Two veteran of the United States Marine Corps. In the interview, Mr. King recalls memories of his travels, the Japanese attack on Clark Field, the Battle for Bataan, and when he was a Japanese prisoner-of-war. He also talks about other experiences he had while serving in the Marines and his life before and after the war. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204485/
Oral History Interview with O. H. King, September 28, 2002
Interview with O. H. "Karl" King of Fort Worth, Texas, who is a World War Two veteran of the United States Marine Corps. In the interview, Mr. King recalls memories of his travels, the Japanese attack on Clark Field, the Battle for Bataan, and when he was a Japanese prisoner-of-war. He also talks about other experiences he had while serving in the Marines and his life before and after the war. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth193883/
Oral History Interview with Paul Jackson, April 10, 2008
Interview with Paul Jackson, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He discusses his time in boot camp at Camp Pendleton and his combat experiences in the Battle of Iwo Jima. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204516/
Oral History Interview with Peter Chu, November 1, 2003
Interview with Peter Chu regarding his experiences in China during World War II. Peter's son Alan Chu also participates in this interview. Peter Chu discusses the Japanese occupation in Nanking (Nanjing), China in 1937 when he was 10 years old. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204495/
Oral History Interview with Rena Pederson, April 5, 2012
Interview with Rena Pederson, a former journalist in Dallas, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, her career with The Dallas Morning News and other newspapers, the books she has written, and her work in communications and public affairs. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94264/
Oral History Interview with Richard Bennett, November 15, 2001
Interview with Richard (Dick) Bennett, a pilot during World War II. He discusses his enlistment in the Army Air Corps, basic training and flight school. He then went to a base in South Carolina to learn to fly B-25s. At Fort Myers, Florida he flew B-26 bombers and trained to fly them off of aircraft carriers so they could drop torpedos on the Japanese fleet during naval battles. He traveled across the Pacific to Brisbane only to be told that they didn't have B-26s for the crews; the colonel there knew nothing about the plan to launch B-26s from aircraft carriers, so they were sent to New Guinea to fly B-17s and supplement the crews for those bombers. From there they made bombing runs or "Washing Machine Charlie"-type runs to keep people awake at night on various Japanese targets in the islands, particularly the base at Rabaul. In fall of 1943, the Army grounded the B-17s due to the damage they had incurred and replaced them with B-24s. The men received manuals and were given only a few days to familiarize themselves with the new planes. They were then sent on bombing runs. He finished his tour of duty at the end of 1943, came back to the United States, and went on a War Bond drive throughout New York. He then went to Ohio to become a B-17 instructor, and traveled to various bases and training schools, including Alamogordo, New Mexico, where he visited only a day after the first atomic bomb test. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204497/
Oral History Interview with Robert D. Haines, May 15, 2002
Interview with Robert D. Haines, an American prisoner of war during World War II. He discusses the attack on Clark Field in the Philippines on December 8, 1941, as well as his experiences on the Bataan Death March. He also tells of his time spent as a prisoner of war under the Japanese at Camp O'Donnell, Cabanatuan and Bilibid prison in Manila. He encountered his brother, who was a civilian internee, at Bilibid. From there, he rode on a hell ship for 39 days to a POW camp in Formosa (Taiwan). When the Americans began bombing Formosa, Haines was moved via another hell ship to Tokyo, Japan. Not long after, he was liberated and returned to San Francisco, then Denver. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204483/
Oral History Interview with Sam H. Snoddy, April 29, 2004
Interview with Sam H. Snoddy, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He served in the 3rd Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division. After training, he participated in the initial landing at Saipan where he was wounded in the knees and shoulder on the beach by shell fragments. He was loaded onto a hospital ship with several other casualties before going to Hawaii to recuperate. He participated in the Okinawa campaign and spent time at Nagasaki on occupation duty. After being discharged, he went to college on the G. I. Bill, and eventually settled in Texas, where he worked in the oil industry. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204499/
Oral History Interview with Suzie Humphreys, March 15, 2012
Interview with Suzie Humphreys,a former journalist in Dallas, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, her work reporting for Channel 8 and KVIL radio station, and her career as a motivational speaker. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94262/
Oral History Interview with Valentin R. Ybarra, April 29, 2004
Interview with Valentin R. Ybarra regarding his experiences during World War II. He discusses his wartime experiences in Peleliu and Okinawa as well as occupation duty in Japan and China. He also had an assignment in Spain. He remembers the Cuban Missile Crisis, the revolt in the Dominican Republic, and his service in Vietnam. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204502/
Oral History Interview with Vivian Castleberry, March 29, 2012
Interview with Vivian Castleberry,a journalist in Dallas, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, family life raising her children, and her international peace work. She also discusses her career at The Dallas Times Herald and the field of journalism. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94258/
Oral History Interview with W. A. Henderson, 2007
Interview with Lieutenant Col. W. A. Bill Henderson of Gatesville, Texas, who is a veteran of the United States Air Force. In the interview, Mr. Henderson answers biographical questions and talks about his military flight training, traveling, and bombing the Kwai River Bridge during World War II. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth193881/
Oral History Interview with W. A. Henderson, September 20, 2003
Interview with W. A. (Bill) Henderson, a pilot during World War II. He discusses his time as a bombardier and navigator on a B-24 in the China-Burma-India Theater. His crew hit the bridge over River Kwai (Mae Klong) while making bombing runs along the Burma Railway and also flew runs to supply gasoline to various bases in China, India and Burma. He relates anecdotes about the food and living quarters on the bases and the time he saved his co-pilot's life. He helped his co-pilot land the plane after a bullet tore through the plane's nose wheel and injured the man's leg. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204494/
Oral History Interview with William F. Graham, March 24, 2001
Interview with Bill Graham, a Marine during World War II. He begins by discussing joining the Navy and becoming a corpsman, then being transferred to the 2nd Marine Division after the Pearl Harbor attack. He also talks being in the first wave on Guadalcanal and various things that happened during the six months there, as well as contracting a severe strain of malaria, getting shipped back to the States and stationed near his home in Fort Worth, then returning to training in Virginia to prepare for an invasion of Japan. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204470/
Oral History Interview with Willie Higgs, September 21, 2001
Interview with Willie Higgs, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He joined the Marines in 1944 and trained at Camp Pendleton before being assigned to the 4th Marine Division. Higgs discusses arriving at Iwo Jima, making a grenade attack on a cave there, and subsequently breaking his leg. He then spent time aboard the hospital ship, USS Solace (AH-5). Upon returning home, Higgs finished his degree at Southwest Texas State in San Marcos, where he majored in music. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth204479/
Ornell H. Balzer Oral History Interview 1, September 4, 2003
This interview with Ornell Balzer begins with the evolution of her career at M.D. Anderson. She recounts how she moved to Houston after graduating from nursing school and her return to M.D. Anderson. Ms. Balzer then details her memories of time spent working at Baker Estate and her interactions with colleagues and patients. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth159739/
Peter Almond Oral History Interview 1, June 4, 2004
Dr. Peter Almond talks with Dr. James S. Olson and Lesley W. Brunet about the history radiation therapy. He outlines the various treatments including the x-ray, cobolt-60, betatron, magnetron, klystron and cyclotron. He also talks about the emerging field of proton therapy. He also describes the early history of radiotherapy at MD Anderson especially under the direction of Drs. Gilbert Fletcher and Leonard Grimmet. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth159735/
Renilda Hilkemeyer Oral History Interview 1, May 23, 2000
The interview with Ms. Renilda Hilkemeyer begins with her early education and career. She explains how her career led to working in the field of oncology nursing. In this section of the interview, she highlights the development of training nurses, the stigmatism around cancer, and the value of hands-on experience. Ms. Hilkemeyer explains how she came to M. D. Anderson and the challenges she faced in developing the department of nursing, including staffing, interdepartmental collaboration, and institutional bureaucracy. The interview highlights the social issues of the time especially racial segregation and women in the work place. Ms. Hilkemeyer discusses the creation of a rehabilitation center at M. D. Anderson. She talks about her education programs to improve the care of patients. These broke role barriers and increased nursing qualifications. Ms. Hilkemeyer draws attention to her ground breaking education program for nurses in intravenous and chemotherapy procedures. This section also highlights her involvement in creating master and doctoral programs in nursing. Ms. Hilkemeyer discusses her awards and continued role in institutional committees since retirement. She concludes the interview in discussing the motivations and challenges in creating a child care center in 1963 and the honor of having it named after her in 1981. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth159740/