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 Decade: 1860-1869
 Collection: Texas Patents
Air-Chamber.
Patent for an air-chamber that pumps in air confined with a flexible diaphragm to spray or diffuse fluid, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165120/
Ant-Trap.
Patent for an ant-trap using a portable receptacle with three different designs, each can be used as an individual trap or in any combinations to lure ants into the bottom of the receptacle without any means of escaping, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165108/
Bolt for Doors.
Patent for the improvement of bolt locks on double doors using a lever lock for safety and ease of locking and unlocking one or both doors, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165104/
Book-Sewing Machine.
Patent for improvements in book sewing machines, the descriptions are included by figures. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165133/
Chain-Link.
Patent for a harness ring for connecting and disconnecting from other fastening hooks, chains, or rings, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165112/
Coffee and Teapot.
Patent for an improved coffee and teapot, in which the coffee or tea are boiled into the water and then strained out. Included instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165184/
Coffee-Roaster.
Patent for a coffee roaster that intends to "supply a ready and cheap means of effectually stirring the grains of coffee while being roasted in any convenient and suitable vessel...(lines 6-9). The patent includes instructions and an illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165211/
Cotton-Cleaner.
Patent for a machine that cleans cotton by placing the seed into a rotating cylinder it is carried and removed using air presser through spiral fan blades and pins to rid impurities, including illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165111/
Cotton-Cleaner.
Patent for a machine that uses revolving brush cylinders, stationary brushes, and stripping boards to prepare cotton for ginning, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165118/
Hanging Millstones.
Patent for improvement of hanging millstones using a driver to hang the runner of a pair of millstones, “as it rotates, adjust itself to the position of the stationary stone, and the parallelism of the faces of the two stones be preserved whether the stationary one be perfectly horizontal or not” (lines 19-24), including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165103/
Improved Anchor for Animals.
Patent for improvement in animals’ anchor in which it allow the animals to graze without being twisted or wound up the rope by using the combination of a swiveled loop and a pivoted loop with each other, and a pin. “This pin is made with four wings, or radial longitudinal flanges, tapering to a point at its lower end and is readily forced into the ground, and easily drawn out, but will resist a very strong side-draught.” (Lines23-27) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165180/
Improved Apparatus for Fumigating Plants.
Patent for improvements in fumigating implements. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165144/
Improved Apparatus for Heating Water and Condensing Steam.
Patent for improvement in apparatus for heating water, other liquids, and condensing steam. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165141/
Improved Baling-Press.
Patent for improvements in portable press by dividing the pressing-chamber into two parts, one of which is fixed to the wagon-frame, the other part is movable. “The movable part contains the follower, adapted to be titled with it, and operated by the winding-drum, cords, wheel and the wings, working in the horizontal slots in the sides of these parts.” (Lines 81-85) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165165/
Improved Compound for Destroying Insects.
Patent for an invention that will "provide a cheap composition which will effectually destroy all insects injurious to vegetation without damaging the plants upon which it may be used (lines 5-6). The patent does not include illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165140/
Improved Compound for Destroying Vermin in Cattle
Patent for topical medication to kill screw-worms in livestock wounds. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165192/
Improved Compound for Treating the Human Hair.
Patent for an improved compound for straightening, softening and renewing the human hair, ingredients and proportions are listed. No illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165207/
Improved Cosmetic.
Patent for improvement in cosmetics by using various chemicals to enhance the cosmetics in which it “can remove freckles or tan-discoloration from the skin, and for improving the complexion.” (Line 5-6) Formula for the improved cosmetic is included. Instructions on how to prepare the cosmetic and how to use the cosmetic are described. There is no illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165147/
Improved Cosmetic.
Patent for improvements in the composition of cosmetics for removing freckles or tan-discoloration, including a description. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165337/
Improved Ditching-Machine.
Patent for improvement in ditching machine which “consists of a boring or ditching-auger, suspended from the frame of a truck, and having an enlarged head projecting in advance of the truck, and rotated, so as to bore out a groove as the truck is moved along, screwing the earth taken back through a trough, to an elevator which carries it up to a spout, chuting it to one side.” (Lines 13-19) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165209/
Improved Grain-Meter.
Patent for a more efficient grain-meter. The patent includes instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165139/
Improved Horse-Power.
Patent for an improvement in horse-powers (tread-powers) by changing the construction and arrangement of the driving wheels. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165178/
Improved Machine for Breaking and Scouring Hides
Patent for machinery for tanning animal hides. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165190/
Improved Medical Compound.
Patent for improvements in medical compound. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165146/
Improved Medical Preparation.
Patent for an invention of a powder that is said to aid in curing scurvy. The patent includes a description, instructions, but no illustration(s). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165132/
Improved Medicinal Preparation.
Patent for improvements made the medicinal preparations generally used for poultices. The patented improvement involves the application of dried and powdered leaves, stalks, and joints of the cactus opuntia or cockinifer. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165336/
Improved Mode of Extracting Essences.
Patent for improvements in extracting essences from objects inserted into a new contraption. The patent includes instructions and an illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165135/
Improved Mode of Preserving Meat.
Patent for a process that claims to preserve meat. The patent includes only instructions and no illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165159/
Improved Power-Apparatus for Vehicles
Patent for "improvements to powered vehicles with combined rim-wheel(s) in combination with a truck(s), resting upon the inner and lower part of the rim, and supporting a carriage-body or frame, crank-shaft. with one or more pinions, and guide-rollers." (line 8) texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165193/
Improved Saw-Gummer.
Patent for a machine that uses a grindstone to sharpen rotary saws. Includes instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165122/
Improved Ship-Viameter.
Patent for improvements in ship viameters. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165138/
Improved Steering and Turning Apparatus for Vessels.
Patent for improvements in steering vessels: "by means of rotary paddle wheels the blades of which are arranged parallel to keel" (lines 21-23). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165124/
Improved Stitching-Horse.
Patent for improvements in the construction of stitching-horses by re-configuring the original constructions, in order to make them better for users. The patent includes instructions and a single illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165160/
Improvement in Apparatus for Boring Artesian Wells.
Patent for improvement in pump-drills for boring artesian wells by “combining pump-valves and pistons with a drill for boring artesian or other wells” (lines 21-23), including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165100/
Improvement in Apparatus for Destroying Worms on Cotton-Plants.
Patent for improvement in insect destroyer by “placing a gas-generator on a wagon, in its lower chamber, a fire box is placed for creating sulphurous gas. A bellows attached to its lower end to regulate sufficient air in forming the sulphurous gas.” (Lines 15-18) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165185/
Improvement in Apparatus for Slaughtering and Curing Meat
Patent for the design of a facility to slaughter, pack, preserve, and cure meat. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165187/
Improvement in Baling Press.
Patent for improvement in baling press "for compressing cotton, hay, and other substances for baling" (lines 10-11). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165128/
Improvement in Brick-Machines.
Patent for improvement in brick machines by “providing the mixing and grinding-shaft with arms at the bottom, adapted in form and arrangement for pressing the clay through the openings, in the bottom of the curb, into the moulds, below, which rest on ways above a sliding carrier, provided with brackets, for forcing the moulds out.” (Lines 26-34) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165174/
Improvement in Buckles.
Patent for improvement in buckles “which does not require to be sewed to either of the straps which it is to connect, and which will securely fasten and hold the said straps of bands in any desired position.” (Lines 16-19) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165175/
Improvement in Bungs.
Patent for improvement in bungs for beer and other barrels. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165148/
Improvement in Circular-Saw Guides.
Patent for a new and improved arrangement of guides for circular saws. Includes illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165152/
Improvement in Clevises
Patent for an adjustable clevis, consisting of a hinged loop and an eyebolt. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165196/
Improvement in Coffee-Pot.
Patent for improvements to a coffee pot. The patent includes instructions and an illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165136/
Improvement in Combined Cultivator, Plow, Harrow, and Roller.
Patent for an invention "to combine and arrange a cultivator, plow, harrow, and roller, with draught-wheels, axle, draught-pole, and an adjustable supporting-frame, in such a manner that the several parts can be used together or independently." (Lines 13-17) Includes instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165161/
Improvement in Combined Planter and Cultivator.
Patent for improvement in combined planter and cultivator by “combining instruments such as hoppers, plow-beans, brace-bars, foot-levers and many others that required for preparing the ground, planting the seed, and cultivating the plants and which may be easily adjusted for the various uses.” (Lines 22-25) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165167/
Improvement in Combined Planter and Cultivator.
Patent for "a simple, practical combined planter and cotton and corn cultivator, which shall be easily adjusted and operated, and shall be cheap and durable" (lines 11-12). The patent includes instructions and an illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165137/
Improvement in Combined Plow-Carrier and Cotton-Chopper.
Patent for improvement in combined plow-carrier and cotton-chopper by “combining with a plow-carrier, a revolving wheel, placed at right angles with the line of direction of the plows, and provided with a number of horizontal cutters at the ends of its spokes, for the purpose of cutting square across the ridges of earth cast up by the plows, in which cotton seed is sown, and dividing the ridges into isolated hills, each containing one or more cotton-plants.” (Lines 23-29) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165179/
Improvement in Corn-Planters
Patent for a construction that will act as a plow, and aid in the process of planting corn. The patent includes instructions and an illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165156/
Improvement in Cotton-Choppers.
Patent for improvements in cotton choppers. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165150/
Improvement in Cotton-Cultivator.
Patent for improvements in cotton cultivators. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165134/
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