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 Decade: 1860-1869
 Collection: Texas Patents
Improvement in Combined Planter and Cultivator.
Patent for "a simple, practical combined planter and cotton and corn cultivator, which shall be easily adjusted and operated, and shall be cheap and durable" (lines 11-12). The patent includes instructions and an illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165137/
Improvement in Cotton-Cultivator.
Patent for improvements in cotton cultivators. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165134/
Improvement in Cultivators.
Patent for the improvement of cultivators using adjustable blades and is adaptable to use different types of blades for a variety of other uses, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165114/
Improvement in Cultivators.
Patent for improvement in cultivators by making all the beams that had blades attached to them adjustable by a lever. A roller is designed for covering the seed and smoothing over the ground after the seeds are discharged by a slider which is operated by a crank-shaft near the end of the machine. A detachable revolving stalk-cutter can be used for cutting stalks on the ground by means of a suitable connector at the rear end of the machine. Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165204/
Improvement in Cultivators.
Patent for improvement in cultivators in which the plows can be adjusted by width, height and laterally to regulate the depth and angle of inclination. The plows, which can be operated by a foot device, may be simultaneously thrown from the ground. (Lines 73-76) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165208/
Improved Machine for Breaking and Scouring Hides
Patent for machinery for tanning animal hides. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165190/
Improved Baling-Press.
Patent for improvements in portable press by dividing the pressing-chamber into two parts, one of which is fixed to the wagon-frame, the other part is movable. “The movable part contains the follower, adapted to be titled with it, and operated by the winding-drum, cords, wheel and the wings, working in the horizontal slots in the sides of these parts.” (Lines 81-85) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165165/
Improvement in Hay and Cotton-Presses.
Patent for improvements in presses for hay, cotton and similar substances, by making the machine portable and the box that holds hay or cotton is adjustable vertically and horizontally. Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165206/
Improvement in Machines for Extracting Cotton and Corn Stalks.
Patent for the improvement of pulling the roots of cotton and corn stalks while minimizing the damage to the soil, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165115/
Bolt for Doors.
Patent for the improvement of bolt locks on double doors using a lever lock for safety and ease of locking and unlocking one or both doors, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165104/
Improvement in Cultivators.
Patent for a plow called the "The Texas Cultivator" (line 7) that uses left and right wings and diamond plows that may be used to plow either side of stock to eliminate additional operators and time for the same job, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165119/
Improvement in Sewing Machines
Patent for "a new Improved Sewing-Machine" that "has for its object to provide more useful and efficient machines than those now in use." texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165340/
Improvement in Sewing-Machine.
Patent for improvements to the sewing machine. The patent includes instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165210/
Ant-Trap.
Patent for an ant-trap using a portable receptacle with three different designs, each can be used as an individual trap or in any combinations to lure ants into the bottom of the receptacle without any means of escaping, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165108/
Air-Chamber.
Patent for an air-chamber that pumps in air confined with a flexible diaphragm to spray or diffuse fluid, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165120/
Improvement in Plows
Patent for improvements in the construction of plow-beams to be attached to the front axles of a wagon. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165188/
Hanging Millstones.
Patent for improvement of hanging millstones using a driver to hang the runner of a pair of millstones, “as it rotates, adjust itself to the position of the stationary stone, and the parallelism of the faces of the two stones be preserved whether the stationary one be perfectly horizontal or not” (lines 19-24), including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165103/
Improved Stitching-Horse.
Patent for improvements in the construction of stitching-horses by re-configuring the original constructions, in order to make them better for users. The patent includes instructions and a single illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165160/
Improved Horse-Power.
Patent for an improvement in horse-powers (tread-powers) by changing the construction and arrangement of the driving wheels. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165178/
Improved Power-Apparatus for Vehicles
Patent for "improvements to powered vehicles with combined rim-wheel(s) in combination with a truck(s), resting upon the inner and lower part of the rim, and supporting a carriage-body or frame, crank-shaft. with one or more pinions, and guide-rollers." (line 8) texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165193/
Improvements in Velocipedes
Patent for improvements to a single-wheel velocipede. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165186/
Cotton-Cleaner.
Patent for a machine that uses revolving brush cylinders, stationary brushes, and stripping boards to prepare cotton for ginning, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165118/
Improvement in Machines for Polishing Marble, &c.
Patent for an improved machine that rubs and polishes marble using a sand and water box moving forward and backward to polish the stone without man power and tools, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165097/
Improvement in Velocipede.
Patent for improvement in velocipedes by using “two levers that are secured by a pivot-connection to pendent vibrating fulcra, on each side of the machine, and to the cranks of the driving-wheel; this would develop greater power than can be brought to bear by the placing of the feet of the driver directly on pedals on the crank-pins, or wrists.” (Lines 32-37) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165182/
Improvement in Velocipede.
Patent for an improved arrangement of velocipedes "to allow the use of a much larger driving-wheel than is compatible with the use of pedals that are placed directly on the crank pins or wrists, and to increase the power that can be applied to the propulsion of the machine by the feet of the driver, and the the speed at which is may be driven." (Lines 16-22) Includes instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165183/
Improved Steering and Turning Apparatus for Vessels.
Patent for improvements in steering vessels: "by means of rotary paddle wheels the blades of which are arranged parallel to keel" (lines 21-23). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165124/
Improvment in Cotton Cultivator.
Patent for improvements in cotton cultivators: "designed more especially for cultivating cotton, scraping the earth away from the young plants, and thinning out the same" (lines 11-12). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165129/
Improved Saw-Gummer.
Patent for a machine that uses a grindstone to sharpen rotary saws. Includes instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165122/
Improvement in Machine for Drawing and Spinning Cotton
Patent for a machine that improves the process of spinning and drawing cotton. The patent includes an illustration and instructions. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165153/
Improvement in Apparatus for Slaughtering and Curing Meat
Patent for the design of a facility to slaughter, pack, preserve, and cure meat. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165187/
Improvement in Threshing-Machine.
Patent for improvements in threshing-machine for threshing grain, with the improved machine, “grain may be threshed and separated from the straw in a very rapid and perfect manner, and without bruising or injuring the straw in any way.” (Lines 13-16) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165166/
Millstone-Dress.
Patent for improvement in millstone-dress by “making each of the main grooves in five sections, in combination with shoulders and inclined planes” (lines 17-19), including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165105/
Improved Compound for Destroying Insects.
Patent for an invention that will "provide a cheap composition which will effectually destroy all insects injurious to vegetation without damaging the plants upon which it may be used (lines 5-6). The patent does not include illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165140/
Improvement in Baling Press.
Patent for improvement in baling press "for compressing cotton, hay, and other substances for baling" (lines 10-11). texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165128/
Improvement in Cotton Picker and Cleaner.
Patent for an invention that "relates to certain novel improvements on machinery which is designed for rapidly and thoroughly cleaning and picking the interior grades of cotton, and the badly picked and ginned cottons, and for effecting this result without cutting or in any manner damaging the cotton fiber"(lines 19-25). The patent includes instructions and an illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165154/
Improvement in Feeders for Cotton-Gins.
Patent for the improvement of cotton-gin by feeding cotton in a uniform manner of removing sand and dirt, separating hulls, leaves, and imperfect pods for improved quality and reducing physical labor, including illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165110/
Coffee-Roaster.
Patent for a coffee roaster that intends to "supply a ready and cheap means of effectually stirring the grains of coffee while being roasted in any convenient and suitable vessel...(lines 6-9). The patent includes instructions and an illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165211/
Improvement in Cultivators.
Patent for improvement in cultivators by using adjustable screw-rods from the ends of short laterally-vibrating levers to suspend the cultivator-beams in the front; the levers are arranged to be operated by an attendant’s feet. Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165205/
Improvement in Gang-Plow.
Patent for improvement in gang-plow by using an adjustable slotted cross-bar to enable the “plow-beams to oscillate, so that their landsides are always vertical, however uneven the ground may be.” (Lines 20-21) “This tool can also regulate the depth of the plows in the ground whereby the depth of furrow is adjusted.” (Lines 24-25) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165170/
Improvement in Gang-Plows.
Patent for "constructing and arranging a gang or series of plows in one frame that they may have an adjustment on the supporting-runners, and a means of self-adjustment vertically, so that they may be set for furrow-slices of any given depth, and any one of the series may give way to an undue resistance in the line of the furrow without disturbing any other of the plows." (Lines 20-28) Includes instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165338/
Improvement in Gang-Plows.
Patent for "a gang-plow, which is so arranged that the beams can be adjusted sideways and up and down at will, and can be permanently secured in any desired position in either movement." (Lines 17-20) Includes instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165339/
Improvement in Plows.
Patent for improvement in plows: "The invention consists in so attaching a revolving disk, cutter, or colter to the beam of the plow that it will rotate on its own axis, and vibrate laterally, to accommodate itself to the line of draft or direction of the beam of the plow; also, in the means used by which the revolving cutter or colter is attached to the beam of the plow, and having the means of swiveling or turning in the beam to accommodate itself to the line of draft of the plow" (lines 22-31) including illustrations and instructions. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165341/
Improvement in Seed-Planters.
Patent for improvement in seed-planters that is able to plant different kinds of seed by simply adjust the position of the lower ends of the end-plates in the seed-box. Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165173/
Coffee and Teapot.
Patent for an improved coffee and teapot, in which the coffee or tea are boiled into the water and then strained out. Included instructions and illustrations. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165184/
Improvement in Seed-Planters.
Patent for improvement in seed-planters by using a combination of lock-lever, bars, set-screw and a tongue to “construct accurate planters in which the planting may be readily done in exact check row, and which will allow the dropping device to be instantly thrown into or out of gear when desired.” (Lines 16-19) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165169/
Improvement in Rotary Engines.
Patent for improvements in rotary engines. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165125/
Improved Compound for Destroying Vermin in Cattle
Patent for topical medication to kill screw-worms in livestock wounds. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165192/
Improvement in Corn-Planters
Patent for a construction that will act as a plow, and aid in the process of planting corn. The patent includes instructions and an illustration. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165156/
Improvement in Cotton-Choppers.
Patent for improvements in cotton choppers. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165150/
Improvement in Cotton-Scrapers.
Patent for improvement in cotton-scrapers by using the combination of horizontal bars, cams, and a beam which consist of ploughs to construct the cotton-scraper; when the “cams revolve and give a lateral and forward motion to the horizontal bars, the beam and the ploughs. As it works backward and forward, the ploughs each describe a zigzag line which cross and leave a hill in diamond-shape undisturbed.” (Lines 21-24) Illustration is included. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth165149/
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