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 Decade: 1860-1869
 Collection: Texas Patents
Improved Anchor for Animals.

Improved Anchor for Animals.

Date: June 8, 1869
Creator: Raiford, P. H.
Description: Patent for improvement in animals’ anchor in which it allow the animals to graze without being twisted or wound up the rope by using the combination of a swiveled loop and a pivoted loop with each other, and a pin. “This pin is made with four wings, or radial longitudinal flanges, tapering to a point at its lower end and is readily forced into the ground, and easily drawn out, but will resist a very strong side-draught.” (Lines23-27) Illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improved Apparatus for Fumigating Plants.

Improved Apparatus for Fumigating Plants.

Date: December 17, 1867
Creator: Preston, C. C.
Description: Patent for improvements in fumigating implements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improved Apparatus for Heating Water and Condensing Steam.

Improved Apparatus for Heating Water and Condensing Steam.

Date: October 1, 1867
Creator: Phalen, Henry J.
Description: Patent for improvement in apparatus for heating water, other liquids, and condensing steam.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improved Baling-Press.

Improved Baling-Press.

Date: January 12, 1869
Creator: Berkeley, J.
Description: Patent for improvements in portable press by dividing the pressing-chamber into two parts, one of which is fixed to the wagon-frame, the other part is movable. “The movable part contains the follower, adapted to be titled with it, and operated by the winding-drum, cords, wheel and the wings, working in the horizontal slots in the sides of these parts.” (Lines 81-85) Illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improved Compound for Destroying Insects.

Improved Compound for Destroying Insects.

Date: September 17, 1867
Creator: Galbraith, Samuel
Description: Patent for an invention that will "provide a cheap composition which will effectually destroy all insects injurious to vegetation without damaging the plants upon which it may be used (lines 5-6). The patent does not include illustrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improved Compound for Destroying Vermin in Cattle

Improved Compound for Destroying Vermin in Cattle

Date: August 10, 1869
Creator: Kalteyer, Frederick
Description: Patent for topical medication to kill screw-worms in livestock wounds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improved Compound for Treating the Human Hair.

Improved Compound for Treating the Human Hair.

Date: October 26, 1869
Creator: Lount, William R.
Description: Patent for an improved compound for straightening, softening and renewing the human hair, ingredients and proportions are listed. No illustration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improved Cosmetic.

Improved Cosmetic.

Date: February 25, 1868
Creator: Wilson, I. M.
Description: Patent for improvement in cosmetics by using various chemicals to enhance the cosmetics in which it “can remove freckles or tan-discoloration from the skin, and for improving the complexion.” (Line 5-6) Formula for the improved cosmetic is included. Instructions on how to prepare the cosmetic and how to use the cosmetic are described. There is no illustration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improved Cosmetic.

Improved Cosmetic.

Date: October 20, 1868
Creator: Wilson, John M.
Description: Patent for improvements in the composition of cosmetics for removing freckles or tan-discoloration, including a description.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improved Ditching-Machine.

Improved Ditching-Machine.

Date: November 16, 1869
Creator: McGehee, James W.
Description: Patent for improvement in ditching machine which “consists of a boring or ditching-auger, suspended from the frame of a truck, and having an enlarged head projecting in advance of the truck, and rotated, so as to bore out a groove as the truck is moved along, screwing the earth taken back through a trough, to an elevator which carries it up to a spout, chuting it to one side.” (Lines 13-19) Illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department