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  Partner: El Paso Public Library
Francisco "Pancho" Villa

Francisco "Pancho" Villa

Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of Pancho Villa. This is a rare photograph of Francisco Villa. General Villa is the man who is standing on top of the first railroad boxcar. The photograph is rare because Villa appears to be smiling. The men who are riding on top of these railroad boxcars are Villista revolutionists. Villa’s men and supporters became known as Villistas. Strewn among the men is a mixture of hammers, shovels and rifles. At the end of the first boxcar there is a small white wooden crate. The label on the crate reads: Alaskan Salmon. Although there was probably no salmon in the small crate, the crate was most likely used as a storage container by the man lying down nearest to the crate. The exact location of where this photograph was taken is not known.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
Mexican Revolutionist

Mexican Revolutionist

Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of a Mexican Revolutionist. There is no accompanying information about who this individual is or where this photograph was taken. One point that can be made about this photograph is that this revolutionist is outfitted in the typical style that both the Zapatistas and the Maderistas wore. Since Otis Aultman photographed most of his pictures along the U.S. Mexican border - mostly in El Paso and Ciudad Juarez. A strong argument could be made that this individual was most likely a Maderista and that this photograph was taken somewhere within Ciudad Juarez. Francisco Madero, at one time, had his headquarters near Smeltertown in El Paso, Texas. The Maderista was a name given to the revolutionary army united by Francisco Madero.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
Insurrecto Ambush

Insurrecto Ambush

Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of Insurrectos taking aim at Mexican Federal soldiers. The accompanying information on the back of the photographs simply reads: “Mexico Revolution - Juarez.” Somewhere beyond the tree line is the enemy and these seven insurrectos are taking aim and firing at the Mexican Federal soldiers or Constitutional Soldiers who are hiding beyond this group of trees. Since there are just a few men visible in this photograph, it is very possible to conclude that this is a small scouting party or an ambush patrol that came upon a target of opportunity. One interesting point about this photograph is that are no horses visible in this photograph and that the insurrectos are using both the Winchester style rifles and the bolt action Mauser styles rifles.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
Wounded Mexican

Wounded Mexican

Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of an unknown wounded Mexican individual. There is no accompanying information given about this photograph. The four men are carrying the wounded person to an unknown destination, perhaps to a waiting horse and wagon. The individual is presumed alive and wounded because there is no coffin and also because the top blanket is not completely draping the entire body. A train is visible in the distant background. It seems very reasonable to conclude that the wounded individual just came off that train. Another uncertainty about this photograph is whether the individual, who is being carried, is male or female. Lastly, we also do not know if the wounded person is an innocent civilian or an active participant of the Mexican Revolution.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
Wounded Civilian

Wounded Civilian

Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of a wounded civilian. The wounded man is being assisted by at least one member of the Mexican Red Cross. The injured man has suffered some type of serious injury to his left leg. The large bandage to his left leg indicates that he had probably received some kind of gunshot wound to that leg. This photo of this wounded man exiting the building, perhaps a hospital, was taken after the wounded man had received his medical attention and after the man had been bandaged up. The same wounded man can also be seen being carried (by the same people) into the same unknown building in the photograph that is titled: "Wounded Man", EPPL A1738. In the photograph that is titled “Wounded Man”, the injured man’s leg does not have a bandage on it so it was taken before this photograph. The location is somewhere in Juarez.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
[Rebels on the Go]

[Rebels on the Go]

Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of rebel soldiers transporting artillery equipment. A pair of rebels are sitting on top of a cannon that is being pulled behind a wagon. A few armed rebels have caught a ride on top of the wagon. Other rebels follow behind the wagon and cannon on foot. One is leading a horse that has had several items strapped to its back.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
[Mexican Revolution Life]

[Mexican Revolution Life]

Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of everyday life during the Mexican Revolution. The woman in the photograph is using some kind of homemade funnel to store something into the wooden barrel.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
[Villistas Entering Ciudad Juarez]

[Villistas Entering Ciudad Juarez]

Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of a large group of Villistas. The group is entering the city of Ciudad Juarez. Two Dorados can be seen at the end of this column of men. One Dorado is on the left side of the column and the other on the right. The Dorados are wearing the khaki style uniforms, felt hats and leggings on their trousers. Electric and communication lines hang above the street.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
[Field Ambulance]

[Field Ambulance]

Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of a field ambulance. These two ambulances are being followed by a dozen or so officers mounted on horseback. Right behind the officers are several companies of infantry soldiers and more wagons. Electric and telegraph lines/poles can be seen on both sides of this road.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
[General Emilio Campa]

[General Emilio Campa]

Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of General Emilio P. Campa standing next to a telephone. General Campa is seated on an old 'La Nacional Jabon (soap)' box. Campa is also holding an edition of the El Paso Herald newspaper in his hand. The Newspaper's date is not known. The newspaper's title reads in part: "Incendiary Circulars Are B...." The El Paso Herald first went into circulation in 1881. In 1931 the El Paso Herald merged with another local newspaper, the El Paso Post, and the two merged to become the El Paso Herald-Post. The El Paso Herald-Post ceased operations in 1997. A variety of weapons and ammunitions can also be seen in this photograph.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library