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  Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001

Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001

Date: September 17, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Straus, David
Description: Interview with David Straus of San Antonio, Texas, a veteran from the United States Marine Corps during World War Two in the Pacific Theater as well as the Korean War. The interview includes some of Straus' background before the war and his personal experiences while in the Marines, including memories of Okinawa, various weapons, what happened at the end of World War Two, and his assignment in Korea.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Willie Higgs, September 21, 2001

Oral History Interview with Willie Higgs, September 21, 2001

Date: September 21, 2001
Creator: Pickard, Kevin & Higgs, Willie
Description: Interview with Willie Higgs, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He joined the Marines in 1944 and trained at Camp Pendleton before being assigned to the 4th Marine Division. Higgs discusses arriving at Iwo Jima, making a grenade attack on a cave there, and subsequently breaking his leg. He then spent time aboard the hospital ship, USS Solace (AH-5). Upon returning home, Higgs finished his degree at Southwest Texas State in San Marcos, where he majored in music.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Norman Apelt, September 23, 2001

Oral History Interview with Norman Apelt, September 23, 2001

Date: September 23, 2001
Creator: Bryk, Clarence & Apelt, Norman
Description: Interview with with Norman Apelt, an airplane mechanic during World War II. He discusses his service in the US Army Air Corps as an airplane mechanic in Pampa, Texas. After the war ended, Apelt was assigned duty in occupied Japan.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Richard Bennett, November 15, 2001

Oral History Interview with Richard Bennett, November 15, 2001

Date: November 15, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Bennett, Richard
Description: Interview with Richard (Dick) Bennett, a pilot during World War II. He discusses his enlistment in the Army Air Corps, basic training and flight school. He then went to a base in South Carolina to learn to fly B-25s. At Fort Myers, Florida he flew B-26 bombers and trained to fly them off of aircraft carriers so they could drop torpedos on the Japanese fleet during naval battles. He traveled across the Pacific to Brisbane only to be told that they didn't have B-26s for the crews; the colonel there knew nothing about the plan to launch B-26s from aircraft carriers, so they were sent to New Guinea to fly B-17s and supplement the crews for those bombers. From there they made bombing runs or "Washing Machine Charlie"-type runs to keep people awake at night on various Japanese targets in the islands, particularly the base at Rabaul. In fall of 1943, the Army grounded the B-17s due to the damage they had incurred and replaced them with B-24s. The men received manuals and were given only a few days to familiarize themselves with the new planes. They were then sent on bombing runs. He finished his tour of duty at ...
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with John Wilson, January 31, 2002

Oral History Interview with John Wilson, January 31, 2002

Date: January 31, 2002
Creator: Pratt, Rick & Wilson, John
Description: Interview with John Wilson, an officer in the U. S. Army during World War II. Wilson was born in Illinois but attended high school in the Philippines after his father accepted an engineering position there. He graduated from high school in 1939 and then enrolled in the University of Wisconsin, where he participated in the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) program. He graduated and took his commission in the Army in 1943. After Officer Candidate School (OCS), he was assigned to an engineering unit slated to participate in the invasion of the Philippines. He eventually landed on Luzon. On Luzon he was assigned temporary duty with a small Philippine Civil Affairs unit that was made up of officers and men who had relatives interned by the Japanese in the Philippines. His small unit made their way to Santo Tomas where he liberated many friends and old school mates. A few weeks later, Wilson liberated his father, a civilian internee at Los Banos. Wilson remained with his unit constructing hospitals in the Philippines in anticipation of the casualties expected from the invasion of the Japanese home islands.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Floyd Mumme, April 12, 2002

Oral History Interview with Floyd Mumme, April 12, 2002

Date: April 12, 2002
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & Mumme, Floyd C.
Description: Interview with Floyd Mumme, a medic during World War II. He discusses boot camp, being deployed to Saipan, Japanese trying to steal food, working in the Army Medical Corps, and treating wounds in combat.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Robert D. Haines, May 15, 2002

Oral History Interview with Robert D. Haines, May 15, 2002

Date: May 15, 2002
Creator: Graham, Eddie & Haines, Robert D.
Description: Interview with Robert D. Haines, an American prisoner of war during World War II. He discusses the attack on Clark Field in the Philippines on December 8, 1941, as well as his experiences on the Bataan Death March. He also tells of his time spent as a prisoner of war under the Japanese at Camp O'Donnell, Cabanatuan and Bilibid prison in Manila. He encountered his brother, who was a civilian internee, at Bilibid. From there, he rode on a hell ship for 39 days to a POW camp in Formosa (Taiwan). When the Americans began bombing Formosa, Haines was moved via another hell ship to Tokyo, Japan. Not long after, he was liberated and returned to San Francisco, then Denver.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Jessie Clark, June 6, 2002

Oral History Interview with Jessie Clark, June 6, 2002

Date: June 6, 2002
Creator: Loyd, Ms. & Clark, Jessie
Description: Interview with Jessie Clark regarding her experiences during World War II. She discusses having to adjust to a lifestyle of rationing for food products and shoes as well as blackouts and scrap metal drives. Her husband worked for the Southern Pacific Railroad and was often absent while she stayed home to raise their children in Houston. She discusses the scarcity of toys during Christmas and hosiery.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Jerell E. Crow, August 24, 2002

Oral History Interview with Jerell E. Crow, August 24, 2002

Date: August 24, 2002
Creator: Rabalais, Larry & Crow, Jerell E.
Description: Interview with Jerell E. Crow. He entered the Coast Guard in 1940 and trained in Florida and New York City. He served aboard a Landing Ship, Tank (LST) when those ships were first introduced. He traveled to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to the Neville Island Shipyard operated by the Dravo Corporation as part of a crew that brought an LST down the Mississippi River to New Orleans. From there, the crew practiced operations at Biloxi, Mississippi. Eventually, Crow travelled to San Diego aboard the LST through the Panama Canal. From there, he went to Guadalcanal and unloaded tanks. Eventually, his ship was hit at Saipan and he was wounded. He also served aboard an LST during the invasions of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Afterwards, Crow's LST was present in Tokyo Bay for the surrender. He visited Hiroshima while on occupation duty after the atomic bomb was dropped. Eventually, his LST made its way back to San Francisco where he was discharged.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with O. H. King, September 28, 2002

Oral History Interview with O. H. King, September 28, 2002

Date: September 28, 2002
Creator: Graham, Eddie & King, O. H.
Description: Interview with O. H. "Karl" King of Fort Worth, Texas, who is a World War Two veteran of the United States Marine Corps. In the interview, Mr. King recalls memories of his travels, the Japanese attack on Clark Field, the Battle for Bataan, and when he was a Japanese prisoner-of-war. He also talks about other experiences he had while serving in the Marines and his life before and after the war.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation