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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1850-1859
 Collection: Texas Patents
Excavating and Grading Machine.

Excavating and Grading Machine.

Date: July 19, 1859
Creator: Morrel, Z. N.
Description: Patent for a cultivating machine that pulverizes colds of soil using a revolving cylinder of blades, including illustration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Securing Iron Bands on Cotton-Bales.

Improvement in Securing Iron Bands on Cotton-Bales.

Date: September 27, 1859
Creator: Pyle, C. W.
Description: Patent for the improvement of cotton-bale fastenings by using a metal plate and a flange to fasten and unfasten the bale without any other tools and with ease. Including illustration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Portable Oven.

Portable Oven.

Date: July 12, 1859
Creator: Morrel, Z. N.
Description: Patent for outdoor use of the Dutch oven and skillet converting the cover of the Dutch oven as a way to suspend frying pan or gridiron over coals to heat, including illustration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Converting Reciprocating into Rotary Motion.

Converting Reciprocating into Rotary Motion.

Date: 1859-11-1
Creator: Harper, C. A.
Description: Patent for converting reciprocating into rotary motion by using “two vertically moving racks with a cog wheel on a small shaft between them which gears into the teeth of the racks” (lines 16-19), includes illustration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Date: September 13, 1859
Creator: Collier, T. T.
Description: Patent for the improvement of the hopper, stirrer, and distributor in cotton-planters that dispenses seeds into the soil using two horizontal united disks that discharges the seeds regularly and evenly, including illustration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Sewing-Machines.

Improvement in Sewing-Machines.

Date: November 15, 1859
Creator: Singer, E. C.
Description: Patent for improvement in sewing-machines by using two cams, one to operate the needle-arm and another to operate the feed and shuttle movements, illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Machines for Distributing Fertilizers.

Improvement in Machines for Distributing Fertilizers.

Date: September 27, 1859
Creator: Morrel, Z. N.
Description: Patent for the improvement of fertilizer-distributer which dispense fertilizers from a hopper with revolving arms that is mounted on top of a plow like machine, which would allow the fertilizers fall into the furrow. Including illustration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Date: August 16, 1859
Creator: Murphy, Willis G.
Description: Patent for a seed-planter using two vibratory vertical feed-wheels, similar in size to distribute different seeds at the same time, one is designed specifically for cotton seeds, illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Cotton-Pickers.

Improvement in Cotton-Pickers.

Date: September 16, 1856
Creator: Shields, B. G.
Description: Patent for "new and useful Improvements in Hand-Machines for Gathering Cotton in the Field" (lines 3-5), including instructions and illustrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millstone-Dress.

Millstone-Dress.

Date: July 25, 1854
Creator: Gaines, Edmund P.
Description: Patent for "a new and improved mode of dressing millstones for the purpose of grinding wheat and grain into meal flour" (lines 4-7) including instructions and illustrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department