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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Collection: Texas Patents
Improvement in Cotton-Pickers.

Improvement in Cotton-Pickers.

Date: August 23, 1870
Creator: McRae, Daniel M.
Description: Patent for a cotton-picking machine that "consists in a set of saws mounted on a truck, and geared with the driving-wheels, to run in the tops of the plants...and detach the cotton and convey it to a brushing-roller above, which detaches the cotton from the saws and delivers it into a receptacle behind." (Lines 10-17) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Thrashing-Machines.

Improvement in Thrashing-Machines.

Date: September 13, 1870
Creator: Fuos, Matthias
Description: Patent for "new and useful improvements on machinery for thrashing various kinds of grain, whereby the work is performed in a very rapid and perfect manner, without impairing the straw." (lines 28-32) Instructions and illustrations are included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Cotton-Presses.

Improvement in Cotton-Presses.

Date: August 30, 1870
Creator: Knowles, William Wadsworth
Description: Patent for a cotton press that is constructed using fewer parts than other models. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Coffee-Mills.

Improvement in Coffee-Mills.

Date: August 16, 1870
Creator: Richer, Francois Charles
Description: Patent for an improvement to upright coffee-mills, "whereby the bearings are always maintained in their true relative positions, while the strain on the two is made automatically counteracting, and each part of the shell firmly and effectually supported by the other." (Lines 10-14) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Sewing Machines

Improvement in Sewing Machines

Date: November 16, 1869
Creator: Cleaver, P. J.
Description: Patent for "a new Improved Sewing-Machine" that "has for its object to provide more useful and efficient machines than those now in use."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Buckles.

Improvement in Buckles.

Date: May 4, 1869
Creator: Richer, F. C.
Description: Patent for improvement in buckles “which does not require to be sewed to either of the straps which it is to connect, and which will securely fasten and hold the said straps of bands in any desired position.” (Lines 16-19) Illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Spark-Conductors for Railroad-Trains.

Improvement in Spark-Conductors for Railroad-Trains.

Date: April 27, 1869
Creator: Wright, Reuben
Description: Patent for improvement in spark-conductors for railroad trains by using a “horizontal flue in sections and use “other devices to engage and disengage the sections, where by to arrest and extinguish sparks and conduct the smoke, ashes, and cinders to the rear.” (Lines 16-20) Illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Needle-Threaders for Sewing-Machines.

Improvement in Needle-Threaders for Sewing-Machines.

Date: April 20, 1869
Creator: Thielepape, Wilhelm C. A.
Description: Patent for improvement in needle-threaders for sewing machines by using an “eyelet-frame that formed by two equal parallelopipeds. These parallelopipeds are being kept together by two springs and may be separated by pressing the pins toward each other.” (Lines 32-35) “The axis of a conical eyelet will be laid in the joint planes of the parallelopipeds, its apex in the front side, its basis in the opposite side of the eyelet-frame, through which eyelet the thread has to pass when the instrument is used and applied to the machine-needle.” (Lines 37-42) This instrument can be used with curved or straight needles. Illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Machine for Cutting Stalks in the Field Preparatory to Plowing.

Improvement in Machine for Cutting Stalks in the Field Preparatory to Plowing.

Date: May 4, 1869
Creator: Wright, Reuben
Description: Patent for improvement in machine for clearing cotton and corn-fields of the stalks after the crops have been gathered by “providing a revolving drum or roller with knives, set spirally around it, which cut the stalks of cotton or corn-fields into pieces of any desired length, for the purpose of being plowed under the surface for fertilizing, by rolling it over them.” (Lines 14-19) Illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Gang-Plow.

Improvement in Gang-Plow.

Date: April 20, 1869
Creator: Hall, Thomas J.
Description: Patent for improvement in gang-plow by using an adjustable slotted cross-bar to enable the “plow-beams to oscillate, so that their landsides are always vertical, however uneven the ground may be.” (Lines 20-21) “This tool can also regulate the depth of the plows in the ground whereby the depth of furrow is adjusted.” (Lines 24-25) Illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department