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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Collection: Texas Patents
Automatic Railway-Gate.

Automatic Railway-Gate.

Date: August 14, 1894
Creator: Baade, John
Description: Patent for an automatic railway-gate or cattle-guard for use "at crossings, the entrances to tunnels, bridges or trestles, or at other places where it is desirable to guard the tracks" (lines 11-13). The invention is a simple and effective way for closing gates, can be operated from a distance, and is controlled by the wheels of passing trains.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Railway-Gate.

Automatic Railway-Gate.

Date: February 13, 1894
Creator: Warren, Governor D.
Description: Patent for an automatic railway gate that consists of a picket shaft under the rails, cranks between the rails that are connected to the picket shaft, springs holding the shaft, tread rails that run along the rails and join the cranks, and guide blocks along each tread rail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Railway Signal.

Automatic Railway Signal.

Date: October 16, 1888
Creator: Ross, Albert James & Darter, John T.
Description: Patent for a new and improved railroad signal. This design, "[w]hen the wheels of a passing train come in contact with the spring and bent end of the lever . . . said end is lowered or depressed, causing the movement in the same direction of the outer end of said lever, which, through the agency of the wire, will cause the ringing or sounding of the gong or bell as the wheels . . . come in contact with the end of the lever. . . .[A]fter the wheels of the last car of a train have passed the point where the lever is located, said lever will be returned to its normal position by means of the coil-spring" (lines 57-71).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Recording Apparatus for Vehicles.

Automatic Recording Apparatus for Vehicles.

Date: October 10, 1893
Creator: Baade, John
Description: Patent for an improved automatic passenger register and mileage recorder for vehicles that travel on rails. It consists of a roller that is actives by a time motor, a strip that the roller moves, a pressure roller, a pair of rollers that a record sheet is wound between, a mechanism that controls movements of the pair of rollers, electromagnets that are connected to the seats, armature levers that mark the electromagnets current, a bell crank lever that marks the moving record sheet, and a spring that supports the lever.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Repeating Railroad-Signal.

Automatic Repeating Railroad-Signal.

Date: January 28, 1896
Creator: Innes, Robert Hayward
Description: Patent for an automatic repeating railroad-signal designed to be used with semaphore and other train-signaling apparatus. It eliminates mistakes made in notifying the central office and automatically reports "any change in the position or color of the signal to a central office over the ordinary telegraph-wire" (lines 14-16). The signal is a wheel that operates a key to send a message to the central office.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Service Cock.

Automatic Service Cock.

Date: December 20, 1881
Creator: Freeman, William R.
Description: Patent for a new and improved automatic service cock. This design "furnish[es] an improved automatic valve to form the connection between the water-main or distributing pipe and the service-pipe of a building for regulating the flow and pressure of water in such service-pipe and preventing overpressure" (lines 7-12).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Stopping Mechanism for Engines.

Automatic Stopping Mechanism for Engines.

Date: January 11, 1898
Creator: Hunter, Victor Emmet
Description: Patent for certain new and useful improvements in automatic stopping mechanism for engines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Telephone-Directory.

Automatic Telephone-Directory.

Date: October 17, 1899
Creator: Neuendorff, John B.
Description: Patent for a new and useful automatic telephone directory, including instructions and illustrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Telephone-Exchange System.

Automatic Telephone-Exchange System.

Date: December 5, 1893
Creator: Serdinko, John
Description: Patent for "a simple system and arrangement which is especially adapted for a telephone exchange, which enables the instruments to be connected by a single wire, which dispenses with the use of an operator at the central station, which has automatic means for registering the messages sent by each subscriber, and which is provided with an automatic switching device by means of which one subscriber may connect with any other" (lines 10-19).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Track Sweeping and Oiling Attachment for Street-Cars.

Automatic Track Sweeping and Oiling Attachment for Street-Cars.

Date: May 12, 1891
Creator: Nesmith, Robert Henry
Description: Patent for improvements in automatic track sweeping and oiling attachments to street cars by having a transverse shaft carries a hub which has a series of brushes. When “the street car moves forward, the brushes on the transverse shaft are revolved, which sweep the rails and keep them clean.” (Lines 90-93) Illustration is included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department