Guides > Using Results > Citations

Citations

The Portal offers system-generated citations for each item. The Portal's citation format was influenced by the "Humanities Style" of The Chicago Manual of Style and by Evidence Explained by Elizabeth Shown Mills. Because the Portal is both a digital library and a preservation archive, three levels of identification are included in citations:

  1. Identification of the original item, its creator, the original format, and the original creation date.
  2. Identification of an item's electronic format, its digital location (permalink), the date the item was accessed, and the digital archive's name and location (URL).
  3. Identification of the location of the original document.

Example: Maxey, S. B. Inception, Organization and Work of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, book, 1904; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29772/ : accessed February 18, 2009), University of North Texas Libraries, Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Star of the Republic Museum, Washington, Texas.

To get a citation:

  1. Select an item from your results list by clicking its title or thumbnail image.
  2. Click "Citation" in the menu on the right-hand side of the screen.
  3. A page will open with the citation at the top.
  4. Copy the citation and paste it into your document or program.

TIP: If you use the Firefox add-on, Zotero, you may import the citation from your browser.

To include a citation when you print:

  1. Select an item from your results list by clicking its title or thumbnail image.
  2. Click the "View this . . ." or "Read this . . ." command in the red navigation bar.
  3. If you are printing a page of a book, navigate to the page with the sequence/page drop-down list or the arrow keys above the page.
  4. After the item opens, click "All Image Sizes" in the menu on the right-hand side of the screen.
  5. Select a size.
  6. Use your browser's options to print. The page or photograph will be printed with a citation below it.

Disclaimer

Inconsistencies in capitalization and punctuation within the Portal may affect the citation you get. Before using your citation in formal writing, please consult your preferred style manual.