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 Country: Japan
Know Your Enemy: Japan!

Know Your Enemy: Japan!

Date: 1942
Creator: Jenkinson, Anthony
Description: A pamphlet published during World War II about Japan, organized into sections answering ten questions: I. How large is the Japanese Empire? -- II. Is Japan self-sufficient in food? -- III. Is Japan self-sufficient in raw materials? -- IV. How will Japan's conquests in Southern Asia affect her raw material position? -- V. If Japan is so poor in raw materials, how was she able to become a great industrial power? -- VI. What are the present living standards of the Japanese people? -- VII. Who owns Japanese banks and industry? -- VIII. How is Japan governed? -- IX. Are there Trade Unions in Japan? -- X. What is Japan's naval and military strength?
Contributing Partner: Arlington Historical Society’s Fielder House Museum
Photo Memories of a Seabee Battalion

Photo Memories of a Seabee Battalion

Date: 1945
Creator: United States. Naval Construction Battalion, 136th.
Description: Book compiled by the 136th Naval Construction "Seabee" Battalion documenting the history of the group from boot camp in Virginia to various military installations across the U.S. and more permanent postings in Guam and Japan during World War II. There are photographs of various persons and evens as well as an epistolary narrative and lists of names by company at the end of the text.
Contributing Partner: Arlington Historical Society’s Fielder House Museum
Oral History Interview with Garvin Kowalke, January 23, 2001

Oral History Interview with Garvin Kowalke, January 23, 2001

Date: January 23, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Kowalke, Garvin
Description: Interview with Garvin Kowalke, a pilot during World War II. He discusses joining the Army Air Corps, going to Air Cadet training to become a pilot, and training on various aircraft (AT-17, UC-78, P-36, P-33, T-6, BT-13, B-17, B-29) before becoming a B-29 pilot; he shipped out to Guam and flew standard and fire bombing runs over Japan. He discusses having to ditch the plane on the way back to Guam once when the engines failed, seeing another B-29 crew have to bail out over Toyko Bay and get picked up by a U.S. submarine that was in the Bay, getting pulled down to the fires when they were trying to hide in the smoke to avoid Japanese fighter planes, and getting caught in a storm by Mount Fujiyama, as well as collecting data such wind direction, speed, and temperature over Hiroshima for future bombing runs, which turned out to be for the bombers who dropped the atomic bomb. He also talks about flying over Hiroshima two days after the bombing and gauging how high the radiation levels were at different altitudes. He also talks about being in the Korean and Vietnam Wars, becoming a B-57 pilot, and adopting a ...
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001

Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001

Date: September 17, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Straus, David
Description: Interview with David Straus of San Antonio, Texas, a veteran from the United States Marine Corps during World War Two in the Pacific Theater as well as the Korean War. The interview includes some of Straus' background before the war and his personal experiences while in the Marines, including memories of Okinawa, various weapons, what happened at the end of World War Two, and his assignment in Korea.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Norman Apelt, September 23, 2001

Oral History Interview with Norman Apelt, September 23, 2001

Date: September 23, 2001
Creator: Bryk, Clarence & Apelt, Norman
Description: Interview with with Norman Apelt, an airplane mechanic during World War II. He discusses his service in the US Army Air Corps as an airplane mechanic in Pampa, Texas. After the war ended, Apelt was assigned duty in occupied Japan.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Charles Pase, April 12, 2001

Oral History Interview with Charles Pase, April 12, 2001

Date: April 12, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Pase, Charles
Description: Interview with Charles Pase, a marine during World War II. He discusses joining the Marines and training on New Zealand and other Pacific islands. He describes landing on Tarawa, the battle of Tarawa itself, and locating and burying the dead bodies after the battle. He also talks about going to Hawaii for more training before going to Saipan, various guns and artillery he used, encountering natives on Saipan and being in Nagasaki after the bomb was dropped. He relates ancedotes about having tonsillitis during the Tarawa attack, fights that some Marines got into with local Hawaiians while training there and prejudices against Japanese-Americans, mistaking a land crab that pinched the back of his neck for a bayonet, getting Dengue Fever, and faking a landing on April Fools' Day.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Willie Higgs, September 21, 2001

Oral History Interview with Willie Higgs, September 21, 2001

Date: September 21, 2001
Creator: Pickard, Kevin & Higgs, Willie
Description: Interview with Willie Higgs, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He joined the Marines in 1944 and trained at Camp Pendleton before being assigned to the 4th Marine Division. Higgs discusses arriving at Iwo Jima, making a grenade attack on a cave there, and subsequently breaking his leg. He then spent time aboard the hospital ship, USS Solace (AH-5). Upon returning home, Higgs finished his degree at Southwest Texas State in San Marcos, where he majored in music.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Al Flocke, October 22, 2000

Oral History Interview with Al Flocke, October 22, 2000

Date: October 22, 2000
Creator: Nichols, Chuck & Flocke, Al
Description: Interview with Al Flocke, a radio operator during World War II. He discusses his flight training and being the radio operator on a B-24 bomber which did raids on Guam, Turk, Iwo Jima and other islands. He also relates anecdotes about food, rations, and living conditions on the islands.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with J. Glen Cleckler, November 24, 2006

Oral History Interview with J. Glen Cleckler, November 24, 2006

Date: November 24, 2006
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & Cleckler, J. Glen
Description: Interview with J. Glen Cleckler, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He discusses his background, including the day he and seven of his friends skipped school to see a movie. In order to provide a believable excuse for their absence to their principal, they went to a recruiting office to get informational forms. The principal then gave them permission to graduate early to join the Marines. He discusses his experiences in boot camp and other training programs and the Battle of Iwo Jima, including hygiene during the battle and the famous flag-raising there. He shares some stories about one of the flag-raisers, Harlan Block, who had been part of the group that enlisted in the Marines with him. He also recalls returning to the United States on a ship full of Section-8 soldiers (PTSD victims), meeting German prisoners of war, and living with Jim Crow laws.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
Oral History Interview with Cleatus A. LeBow, May 2, 2006

Oral History Interview with Cleatus A. LeBow, May 2, 2006

Date: May 2, 2006
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & Lebow, Cleatus A.
Description: Interview with Cleatus A. LeBow, a serviceman in the U. S. Navy during World War II. LeBow joined the navy in 1943 and went from Lubbock, Texas to San Diego for recruit training. He shipped out to Pearl Harbor aboard an LST from San Francisco. At Pearl Harbor, he was assigned to a work detail aboard the USS Oklahoma, which had just been righted. Shortly thereafter, he boarded the USS Indianapolis to serve as a range finder operator on one of the gun turrets. Upon leaving Hawaii, the Indianapolis went to Tarawa and then the Marshall Islands. LeBow witnessed Japanese civilian suicides on Saipan. He also witnessed the flag-raising on Iwo Jima from his range finder position aboard the ship. LeBow describes being hit by a kamikaze off Okinawa. He also discusses delivering atomic bomb components to Tinian and being torpedoed on the way to the Philippines. He describes abandoning the ship and spending five days in the water, including his faith in God, hallucinations, rescue, and his recovery.
Contributing Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation
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