First Aereo Squadron, Signal Corps, war diary : period from March 12 to April 23, 1916.

First Aereo Squadron, Signal Corps, war diary : period from March 12 to April 23, 1916.

Date: 1916
Creator: United States. Army. Signal Corps. Aereo Squadron, 1st.
Description: Photocopy of typescript describing activities and participants in the 1st Aereo Squadron of the Signal Corps during the Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villa from March 12 to April 23, 1916.
Contributing Partner: University of Texas at El Paso
Causas de la revolución en México : y como efectuar la paz

Causas de la revolución en México : y como efectuar la paz

Date: 1915
Creator: Martínez, Paulino
Description: This short treatise, written in Havana in 1913, espouses the land reform goals and ideals of Emiliano Zapata and the Zapatistas while condemning the regimes of Carranza and Huerta,. It proposes an idealized agrarian society with land held in common and a system of "Escuelas Granjas" or rural schools. He deplores the evils of clericalism, plutocracy, and militarism. The three headings in the document are "Manifiesto al Pueblo Mexicano," "Bases Generales," and "Pensamiento de la Revolución: Como educar al Pueblo para la Nueva Reforma."
Contributing Partner: University of Texas at El Paso
Battery A on the Mexican Border

Battery A on the Mexican Border

Date: 1916
Creator: Stiness, Henry R.W.
Description: This book is an account of Battery A of the Rhode Island National Guard and its activation on June 24, 1916, its travel to the U.S.-Mexico border, its activities until it was mustered out on November 2, 1916. They were stationed at Fort Bliss in El Paso, Texas, and also referred to their site as Camp Pershing. Includes a narrative description of their trip by train, their camp and training activities on the border. Also includes many reproductions of photographs of the troops and sites, cartoons, and a list of personnel.
Contributing Partner: University of Texas at El Paso
[International and Great Northern Railway Depot]

[International and Great Northern Railway Depot]

Date: July 15, 1920
Creator: unknown
Description: Photograph of people, cars, and wagons in front of a railroad depot, identified at the bottom as "I. and G. N. Ry. Depot, Laredo, Texas." Postcard is dated 7/15/1920. There is a letter on the back of the postcard addressed to "Henry" that refers to an attack that day on Nuevo Laredo by revolutionaries.
Contributing Partner: Laredo Public Library
[The Red Cross Aiding Refugees]

[The Red Cross Aiding Refugees]

Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of Red Cross personnel helping refugees of the Mexican Revolution travel safely. The photograph bears a strong resemblance to another photo in the collection, "The Red Cross". The photo more than likely was taken a minute or two after the other photo and from another angle. The man in the center of the hand car is holding the flag of the Red Cross, just as in the other photo. The refugees are mostly women and children. Some men follow the car on foot. The man jogging to the side of the group was also featured in the other photo as was the boy/man with the bicycle. Behind the hand car is a train of the Nor-Oeste de Mexico line. Information on the back of the photo states that Dr. Ira Bush is on the hand car, just as information for the other photo declares. However, even at a different angle, it is difficult to verify that the doctor was on the hand car.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
[Yaqui Indians on Lookout]

[Yaqui Indians on Lookout]

Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Description: Photograph of two Yaqui Indians standing atop a small hill partially covered by brush looking off into the distance. Both men are sparsely dressed, wearing only loin cloths, yet they have their rifles ready at hand. Many Yaqui Indians participated in the Mexican Revolution, fighting alongside revolutionaries as they rebelled against the many abuses the Mexican Government had inflicted upon them throughout the years.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
[Mormon Refugees]

[Mormon Refugees]

Date: 191?
Creator: unknown
Description: Copy negative of Mormon refugees with their children.
Contributing Partner: El Paso Public Library
Heroica defensa de Ciudad Juárez : la verdad de los hechos, caracter y valor del soldado mexicano; invasión de tropas americanas y su pronta evacuación

Heroica defensa de Ciudad Juárez : la verdad de los hechos, caracter y valor del soldado mexicano; invasión de tropas americanas y su pronta evacuación

Date: 1919
Creator: Velasco, Felipe
Description: This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Contributing Partner: University of Texas at El Paso
El ataque a Ciudad Juárez y los acontecimientos del 14 al 18 de junio. English.

El ataque a Ciudad Juárez y los acontecimientos del 14 al 18 de junio. English.

Date: 1919
Creator: Enciso Durán, Xavier.
Description: This piece was written to provide a firsthand account regarding the attack on Ciudad Juárez by Villistas and related events. It also provides information regarding the effects of the battle on El Paso, Texas and includes named civilian casualties. The official American response is also noted. The translation was probably done in the 1970s.
Contributing Partner: University of Texas at El Paso
El conflicto personal de la revolución mexicana

El conflicto personal de la revolución mexicana

Date: 1914?
Creator: Chocano, José Santos, 1875-1934.
Description: Provides an account of the personal conflict felt by the author regarding the Mexican Revolution and the ensuing reign of Venustiano Carranza. The pamphlet calls for an end to caudillos; however, it is sympathetic to Villa. Although written during Chocano’s travels to New Orleans, it was published in El Paso, Texas.
Contributing Partner: University of Texas at El Paso
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