Grayson County, Fannin District

Grayson County, Fannin District

Date: 1885
Creator: Thielepape, George. F.
Description: Blue line print of survey map of Grayson County, Texas, showing rivers, creeks, original land grants or surveys, cities, towns, and railroads. Scale [ca. 1:177,778] (4000 varas to 3/4 of an inch).
Contributing Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library
[Texas Historical Commission Marker: First Texas Interurban]

[Texas Historical Commission Marker: First Texas Interurban]

Date: 2011-12/2012-03
Creator: West, Carolyn Effie
Description: Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for First Texas Interurban in Grayson County, Texas. Text: Electric railways (trolleys) provided convenient travel between many Texas cities for more than forty years. The first interurban line was established in Grayson County, connecting the cities of Sherman and Denison. Founded in 1900 by Fred Fitch and John P. Crerar, the Denison and Sherman Railway began operations on May 1, 1901, with a single 10.5-mile track. The company built a power plant, offices, and a car barn near this site halfway between its passenger stations in the two cities. In order to provide water for the power plant, they built a dam below Tanyard Springs, creating a small lake, named Wood Lake. It provided recreation facilities for passengers on the line's excursion trains. The Texas Traction Company, founded in 1906, began construction of a second interurban line from Dallas to McKinney in 1906. Merged with the Denison and Sherman Railway in 1908. The company expanded its operations, eventually connecting a number of North Texas cities and changing its name to the Texas Electric Railway in 1917. The advent of automobile travel signaled the decline of the Texas interurbans by the 1930s. The last ...
Contributing Partner: Private Collection of Carolyn West
Press-Box for Horizontal Oil-Presses.

Press-Box for Horizontal Oil-Presses.

Date: May 7, 1895
Creator: Lelardoux, Pierre
Description: Patent for a press-box for horizontal oil-presses that produces "a cake of even thickness and density, and without strain on any part of the box" (lines 11-13) that has "a box fitted with a strainer that will be more lasting, which can be cleaned without removing it form the box, or the box from the press, and to which the cake will not adhere; [and] to provide a box fitted with effective and economical means of raising the cake out of the box after it is pressed" (lines 13-20). This box is made out of metal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Car-Coupling.

Car-Coupling.

Date: January 15, 1895
Creator: Curry, Charles D.
Description: Patent for a simple, practical, and reliable car-coupling with a side latch. It is "adapted for automatic connection in pairs, when two cars having the improvements are brought together on the same track, which will be capable of a ready release from the side of either coupled car, and also that will be adapted by its peculiar formation to receive support from one part of the improvements, when a coupled drawhead is partly detached from its connections to the car, and which if not so sustained might fall on the track, derail the car having the disabled coupling, and occasion the wreckage of said car and others of a train" (lines 14-27).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surgical Instrument.

Surgical Instrument.

Date: January 15, 1895
Creator: Johnson, Emmet E.
Description: Patent for a surgical instrument meant to help examine and treat the urethra and similar internal canals and passages. It can easily be cleaned and taken apart.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Suspension-Bridge.

Suspension-Bridge.

Date: January 23, 1894
Creator: Greer, William Henry Clay
Description: Patent for a suspension bridge that improves on a previous patent granted to the inventor (No. 411,499). This patent is meant to "decrease the vertical motion in floor of min span of bridge, thereby adding stability thereto; to provide for a new and improved anchorage for the suspension cables of the bridge; and, furthermore, to improve certain details of construction" (lines 15-20).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Quick-Speed Steam-Engine.

Quick-Speed Steam-Engine.

Date: May 15, 1894
Creator: Devoissaud, John P.
Description: Patent for a simple, efficient, and high pressure quick speed steam-engine that maximizes power with the minimum amount of steam.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Steam-Engine Governor.

Steam-Engine Governor.

Date: May 15, 1894
Creator: Devoissaud, John P.
Description: Patent for a governor meant to be used with a double cylinder single-action steam engine of Devoissaud's invention. It has "a plate-like governor valve having suitable steam ports, is introduced within a vertical channel formed in the single head plat that closes one end of two steam cylinders, which are located in the same vertical plane on a bed-plate; said valve being directly attached to, and controlled by the governor, for the alternate introduction of steam directly through the cylinder head into the two cylinders, for the actuation of working parts of the steam engine" (lines 17-27).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Motor.

Motor.

Date: September 1, 1885
Creator: Chisholm, Toliver Lynn
Description: Patent for a new and improved motor. This design "relates to improvements in motors in which a screw or spiral operates in conjunction with suitable gearing; and the object of my improvement is to convert a vertically-reciprocating motion into a rotary for driving any light machinery" (lines 15-20).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvement in Churns.

Improvement in Churns.

Date: January 1, 1878
Creator: Davis, Henry T.
Description: Patent for improvements in churns with specific improvements in dasher-rods and lids. This patent includes illustrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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