El Rancho in South Texas: Continuity and Change From 1750 Page: 34
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Right: Interior wall of a hand-dug well at Randado. Nearly
90o feet deep, it was lined with sillares (caliche blocks) down
to the caliche base. Courtesy Joe S. Graham.
Below: Noria con buque (hand-dug water well for watering
livestock) on the Los Olmos Ranch in Southern Duval
County. Dug in the I85os, it is lined with caliche blocks.
Courtesy Joe S. Graham.
Facing page, top: Early hand-dug well on Mota de Olmos
Ranch in Duval County lined with sillars (caliche blocks).
Wells like this were the primary source of water for people
living on early South Texas ranches. Courtesy Joe S. Graham.
Facing page, bottom: Cistern at Villa Nueva, Mexico. A hand-
dug cistern was part of a water collection system designed to
save rainwater for household use. This was necessary where
surface water was brackish or heavily mineralized. Courtesy
Joe S. Graham.
34 El Rancho in South Texas
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Graham, Joe S. El Rancho in South Texas: Continuity and Change From 1750, book, 1994; Denton, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28328/m1/46/?q=el%20rancho: accessed November 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Press.