The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898 Page: 126
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126 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
faithful both to my father and to me, decided to run for the place
in the legislature which I myself had previously held. In his
speeches in the campaign by which he stepped into my shoes he
said he wanted to go to the legislature in order to keep up the record
of the family. He claimed to run as an "old member," and his
constituents knew no better. The whites were not permitted to
vote, and he was therefore elected almost unanimously by the
negroes and went from my old district to take my place as repre-
sentative. As a member of the House he served his people as well
as he knew how, drawing his eight dollars per diem from the treas-
ury with the utmost regularity.
Tom was a good man; far better, in fact, than his white asso-
ciates. I now have in my possession a bill of sale executed in the
days of slavery for this member of the Texas legislature, and it is
barely possible that he was not the only member that was ever
bought and sold. But of this, let him that knoweth speak.-J. K.
THE ATTITUDE OF THE SPANISH IN TEXAS TOWARDS THE IN-
DIANs.-The attitude of the Spaniard toward the Indian, which
finds expression in the official documents of the time, and which
undergoes significant changes during the century of Spanish occu-
pation, is a romantic paragraph in our history. When the Spaniard
originally came to Texas he was cautioned to win the Indian to al-
legiance by kindly methods. This was done in a large number
of instances. But there was an air of superiority about the Span-
iard, a tone of haughty condescension in his voice, when he spoke
of the red infidel. He had little respect for the rover, and less
for his institutions, and paid no heed to his prowess in battle.
What is here said, it should be noted, applies not to the Fran-
ciscan missionaries, but to the Spanish soldiers.
But this state of feeling came to an end with the massacre of
San Saba in 1758 and the failure of the Parilla expedition to the
Islas Blancas a few years thereafter. Previously the Indians had
been spoken of as infidels. Now those of the North especially be-
came "nuestros enemigos barbaros." Later the coast Indians gave
the Spanish trouble, and won for themselves the same appellation.
Toward the end of the eighteenth century there was another
change, and the Indians became known as "nuestros aliados." The
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898, periodical, 1897/1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/m1/143/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.