The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898 Page: 186
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186 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
From the pifion region in New Mexico, or Western Texas, some-
where reasonably near the path of Coronado, to the settlements in
Mexico, we are not yet prepared to definitely locate the route of
the four wanderers. Perhaps they reached the upper course of the
Gila and followed that river until they could cross to the watered
country to the south; or perhaps they found their way more direct-
ly to the south. Of this, we shall have more to say on another
In conclusion, we believe we have established the following
First, Cabeza met his friends, after their long separation, some-
where near the mouth of the Colorado. This is the only place on
the Gulf coast which satisfies all the conditions given in the Rela-
tion: (1) It is about thirty leagues from the great cactus region;
(2) it is within a few days' journey from a group of sandhills seven-
ty-five feet high, an uncommon feature on the Texas coast; (3) the
buffalo range extended to this point, and probably no farther; (4)
there are four large streams, east of Matagorda bay, which flow
directly into the Gulf.
Second, he passed through the southern part of New Mexico,
and probably ascended the Pecos or Rio Grande to near the central
part. This we believe, (1) because the pifion region does not extend
into Texas beyond the Guadalupe mountains, and we know that
Cabeza traveled many days north after entering this region;84 (2)
there is also positive evidence that Coronado, who did not come
farther south than the 35th parallel, found traces of Cabeza and his
Third, between these two points, he probably followed the nat-
ural route indicated on the map. The evidence as to the exact
route is not so conclusive, and the results not so positive as it is in
regard to the two points mentioned above. But these seem to fix
the general direction of the route, and nothing is found in the
narrative which is contradictory; but, on the other hand, much of
the description serves to strengthen this conclusion and render it
84 This conclusion is necessarily modified by Judge Williams' state-
ment that the pifion occurs along the lower course of the Pecos. See
note 27, p. 183.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898, periodical, 1897/1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/m1/208/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.