The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898 Page: 234
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234 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
according to his duty in the position occupied by him in the ad-
ministration of the government of Texas.
The first efforts on behalf of the University were made to provide
the means for its endowment, in anticipation of its subsequent es-
tablishment. The Congress of the Republic of Texas in 1839 do-
nated fifty leagues of land to establish two colleges-one in Eastern
and the other in Western Texas-and at the same session donated
four leagues of land to each county for an academy. At that time,
it was only thought necessary to provide an endowment for schools
of a high grade of education. That was in the administration of
President Lamar. What part he and the members of Congress took
in this meritorious proceeding we may not now be able to know,
further than that the credit of it is due to him as the Executive,
and to a majority in the Congress.
During Gov. Pease's administration in 1854, the Legislature
granted lands for the construction of railroads, reserving alternate
sections of land surveyed for that purpose, and one-tenth of those
alternate sections, which were to be selected by the Governor, were
devoted to the University. The merit of this, in intention, was not
defeated by the failure to select the tenth sections, and the subse-
quent substituting for them of one million of acres of land by the
convention of 1875.
During the administration of Gov. Runnels in 1858 an act was
passed by the Legislature appropriating to the University one hun-
dred thousand dollars worth of bonds received from the United
States for part of New Mexico in the compromise of 1850 in Con-
gress. The same session passed a law for the establishment of a
University, appropriated the lands and other property that had
been provided for the two colleges, and made provision for execut-
ing the law. Soon thereafter the public excitement that led to
the war between the States caused the failure of that measure.
That, however, does not detract from the merit due to the Gover-
nor and a majority of the members of the Legislature for their
patriotic action on behalf of the University.
In the convention of 1866 it was provided that "the Legislature
shall at an early day make such provisions by law as will organize
and put in operation the University."
In the administration of C ov. Throckmorton in the same year
.(1866) a law was passed making provision for two universities, one
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898, periodical, 1897/1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/m1/260/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.