The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898 Page: 21
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History of Texas Geograpfy.
This question was submitted to the Supreme Court of the United
States, and by that tribunal was held as belonging to the United
Thus, it will be seen that Texas lost the territory which was rie-
garded as belonging to her up to 1749, by the unauthorized expedi-
tion of Escandon east of the Rio Grande; lost all that portion of
her territory east of the Sabine below the 32d parallel, and gained
the Red river watershed on the south as far west as the 100th me-
ridian, by the treaty of 1819; regained the country east of the Rio
Grande which she lost in 1749, and acquired all of Coahuila and
New Mexico, east of the Rio Grande, in 1836; compromised her
claim to more than 100,000 square miles of territory, in 1850; and,
by failing at the proper time to assert her claim, lost about 16,000
square miles between Red river and the parallel of 36 degrees 30
minutes between the 100th meridian and the line specified in the
treaty of 1819, and formally claimed by the act of her Congress in
December, 1836. As a province, her territory on the east and west
was curtailed, and her northern boundary enlarged. As a sepa-
rate political entity, she was merged into a State of Mexico, and
virtually lost her political identity; marked her limits by the sword
in 1836, and in 1850 sold about one-fourth of her domain to the
United States, and by want of due diligence has conferred a pre-
scriptive title to the 16,000 square miles upon the United States.
These are the main steps by which she has adjusted her outward
form and assumed her present proportions. The processes by which
her political subdivisions have developed towards fixity are some-
what less interesting, though peculiar, and, in their initial steps,
different from those of any State of the American Union.
To get even a superficial comprehension of these, some knowl-
edge of the political structure of the several sovereignties under
which she has maintained her identity is necessary.
Exclusive of the ecclesiastical and military establishments, the
civilized population of the country was not sufficient to require any
sort of civil establishment until after San Antonio had been settled.
About the year 1715, the municipality of Bexar was created to meet
the needs of that settlement. Under the then status of population
it was unnecessary, as well as impracticable, to assign any definite
limits to that municipality. The functions of the officers of the
municipality were judicial and executive only. Unlike the British-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898, periodical, 1897/1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/m1/31/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.