The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898 Page: 23
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History of Texas Geography.
by this extent of area was intensified by the incongruity of the pop-
ulation inhabiting it. It goes without saying that this sort of po-
litical structure was wholly unsuited to the development of a truly
republican system of government, and wholly out of harmony with
the ideas of the Anglo-American republicans, who now began to
realize the need of some efficient system of local government. To
partially meet this want, the territory of Texas was about equally
divided into two departments, Bexar and Nacogdoches, in 1831.
With the exception of a small settlement around Nacogdoches, this
virtually separated the Anglo-American and native Mexican popu-
lation, and in 1834 a new department was created, mostly from the
Department of Nacogdoches, and called the Department of Brazos.
This was exclusively under the control of Anglo-Americans, and
for the first time in the country's history an Anglo-American Po-
litical Chief was appointed. With the rapid increase in population
came the greater necessity for a more efficient system of local gov-
ernment. This led the people, in 1832, to a concert of action to. se-
cure it. This resulted in an assembly constituted by representatives
from the municipalities, so that each center of population might
have a voice in formulating some political policy for the country.
There was another meeting of the same sort in 1833.
The main object of these meetings was to secure separate state-
hood for Texas. This was refused. During the two years follow-
ing, the President of Mexico assumed dictatorial powers, and the
emergency for separate political action arose. The people again
assembled in 1835, and by representatives from all the eighteen mu-
nicipalities adopted a plan of government, inviting five other cen-
ters of population to participate, which they constituted munici-
palities. This assembly was known as the Consultation of 1835.
Texas was constituted a separate State; the Political Chiefs of Na-
cogdoches and Bexar were ordered to cease their functions, and the
Political Chief of the Department of Brazos was transformed into
the Governor of Texas. This ended the department as a part of the
political machinery of Texas, and the municipality took its place
eo instanti, as the political unit. The only remnant of Mexican
structure under this plan was the executive council selected to aid
the Governor, which soon showed its want of adaptation to needs
of representative government. The powers of this assembly being
limited, a convention composed of representatives from all the mu-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898, periodical, 1897/1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/m1/34/: accessed July 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.