The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898 Page: 42
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42 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
pie a long time, and that he felt it to be his duty to stand by them,
whatever fate might befall him.
I was strongly impressed by the manly bearing and frankness
and candor of the agent and the chief. Neither could read or
write, except that Mr. Lacy could mechanically sign his name. And
during their two conferences they exhibited a dignity of bearing
which could hardly have been exceeded by the most enlightened
diplomats. There was no attempt to deceive or mislead made by
either of them.
The whites on the one side and the Indians on the other at once
commenced preparations for the conflict. Chief Bowles took his
position east of the Neches river, in the northwest corner of what
is now Cherokee county, concentrating his warriors and collecting
his families there. He was joined by the Shawnees, the Delawares,
and by warriors from all the wild tribes of Indians, and there were
at that time a good many of them. Colonel Rusk, with a regiment
of volunteers, was first in the field on the side of the Texans. Vice-
President Burnet, then Acting President of the Republic (Presi-
dent Lamar, with the leave of Congress, was temporarily absent
from the Republic), General Albert Sidney Johnston, the Secre-
tary of War, and Adjutant-General Hugh McLeod, accompanied
this regiment. It went into camp about six miles to the east of
Bowles' camp, and for ten-days or more negotiations were carried
on between the belligerents, Bowles negotiating to gain time to
collect the warriors from the wild tribes, and the Texans negotiat-
ing to gain time for the arrival of Colonel Burleson's regiment of
regulars from the west, and Colonel Landrum's regiment of volun-
teers from the red lands.
During this time an incident occurred which might have been of
a very serious character. A neutral boundary had been agreed on
between the belligerents, and the men of neither side were to pass
it without notice. Acting President Burnet, the Secretary of War,
Adjutant-General McLeod, Colonel Rusk, and a few others, had
gone to the camp of the Indians, under a flag of truce, to conduct
negotiations, as they had done on previous days. Colonel Jim Car-
ter and a few others, acting as scouts, found John Bowles, a son
of the chief, and a few other Indians, who had passed the neutral
boundary, and gave chase for them. The Indians escaped, and
when they reached their camps reported that they had been run in
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898, periodical, 1897/1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/m1/53/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.