The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898 Page: 43
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Expulsion of Cherokees from East Texas. 43
by the Texans. This caused violent excitement among the In-
dians, and the gentlemen named reported that it seemed for a time
that they were to be attacked by the Indians, in which event their
massacre would have been inevitable. But explanations were made,
which allayed the. excitement. At the subsequent meetings for ne-
gotiation, the Texas officials took with them an escort of thirty
picked men. An agreement was made that neither party was to
break up camp or make any move without giving notice to the
other party. On the 13th or 14th of July, Colonel Burleson's regi-
ment of regulars, and Colonel Landrum's regiment of volunteers,
reached the camp of the Texas forces. And early on the morning
of the 15th Chief Bowles sent his son, John Bowles, accompanied
by Fox Fields, under a flag of truce, to notify the Texans that he
would break up camp that morning and move to the west of the
Neches river. On reaching headquarters under a flag of
truce, they delivered their message to General Johnston, and
having done so, inquired if they could return in safety. They
both spoke English very well. General Johnston told the
messenger that his father had acted honorably in giving the
notice according to agreement, and that he would see that
they had safe conduct out of our camp; and he detailed a
number of men, with orders to see them safely a half-mile
beyond our line of pickets. He also told them to inform Chief
Bowles that the Texas forces would break up camp that morning
and pursue him.
On the assembling of this little army of three regiments, the
volunteers wanted Colonel Rusk for their commander, while the
regulars preferred Colonel Burleson for that position. These two
patriots and heroes of the Revolution, which made Texas a Repub-
lic, did not desire to antagonize each other, and either of them was
willing that the other should command. But it was agreed to
solve the question by having General Kelsey H. Douglass elected
as brigadier-general and placed in the chief command. And when
this army broke up its camp on the morning of the 15th of July,
1839, to pursue the Indians, Colonel Landrum was ordered to
move up on the east side of the Neches river, and be in position to
intercept the Indians if they should turn northward, as it was ex-
pected they would. The regiments of Colonel Rusk and Colonel
Burleson moved to the west, passing through the camp which had
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898, periodical, 1897/1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/m1/54/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.