The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898 Page: 44
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44 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
been occupied by the Indians, and crossing the Neches on their
Chief Bowles had taken position on a creek some six miles west
of the Neches with a part of his warriors, and had sent the families
with the balance of the warriors to a position about six miles north
of where he made this stand. His men occupied the bed of a creek,
which, running from north to south, made a sudden bend to the
east, and his position was immediately above this bend.
After the Texans crossed the Neches, scouts were thrown for-
ward, with directions if they found the Indians in position to give
battle, to keep up a desultory firing at long range, without exposing
themselves too much, so as to give notice of the position of the In-
dians. As the command advanced, and when the firing of the
scouts was heard, Colonel Rusk's regiment was ordered to advance
,on the north side of the creek they were on, and Colonel Burleson's
regiment was ordered to cross the creek and advance on the south
side of the creek, so as to put the Indians between these regiments.
When the troops reached the bend of the creek, which was the ex-
treme right of the line occupied by the Indians, Rusk's regiment
wheeled to the right and formed in front of the Indians, while
Burleson's regiment turned to the right and passed up into the
rear of the Indians. This was an hour or two before sundown.
A battle ensued, which, however, did not last long. Dr.
Rogers and Colonel Crain were killed, and some six or eight
Texans were wounded; and it was reported that the Indians
left eighteen dead on the field, and the remainder of them
were routed and joined the others some six miles to the
north, near the Neches, and just north of the Delaware village.
The Texans camped for the night near the battlefield. And fear-
ing that the Indians might break up into small bands and attack
the more exposed frontier settlements, a number of squads were
detached from the. command and ordered to proceed to the exposed
parts of the frontier to defend the families of the whites.
On the morning of the 16th of July, the Texans, thus reduced in
number, took up the line of march in pursuit of the Indians, and
found them, soon after passing the Delaware village, in a very
strong position. They occupied a long ravine, deep enough to pro-
tect them, with gently sloping open woods in front of them. Our
line of battle was formed on a low ridge in front of them, and skir-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898, periodical, 1897/1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/m1/55/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.