The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898 Page: 53
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John Crittenden Duval.
late comrades, Ward's men, had been returned to Goliad after sur-
rendering near Victoria.
I have gone over these events, thus far, in order briefly to trace
how John C. Duval, a lad of scarcely twenty years, and his broth-
er's company, came to be of "Fannin's men," at Goliad on Palm
Sunday, March 27th, 1836.
It is not my purpose to go into a detailed account of that awful
crime, the Goliad massacre. Those details are to be found, graphic-
ally told, in the reports of Dr. Barnard and Dr. Shackelford.
On this Sunday morning at daybreak the preliminary work be-
gan. Miller's men, with their white bandaged arms, Dr. Barnard,
Dr. Shackelford, and Dr. Field were ordered out by Colonel
Garay (who seems to have been a merciful man, and who at heart
detested the crime that was about to be committed) to his quarters
in a peach orchard nearly a quarter of a mile from the fort, and
from that point Dr. Barnard and his companions shortly learnt by
the sound of musketry volleys and the yells of the victims, of the
bloody work that was in hand. Garay coming up at that moment,
says Barnard, "With the utmost distress depicted on his counten-
ance, said to us: 'Keep still, gentlemen, you are safe. This is not
from my orders, nor do I execute them.' He then informed us
that an order had arrived the preceding day to shoot all the pris-
oners, but that he had assumed the responsibility of saving the sur-
geons and about a dozen others." Sefiora Alvarez saved still others.
Altogether, there were spared thirty souls (Brown gives a list of
names). There escaped by flight while the massacre was being
consummated about thirty more. Yoakum gives twenty-seven es-
caped, Brown gives twenty-eight; but there are three names in
Brown's list not in Yoakum's, and three in Yoakum's not in
Brown's. There were some few spared in .every company, but from
some companies not a soul escaped. John Duval would himself
have been spared could he have been persuaded to declare himself
a Catholic to one of the Mexican officers who took a fancy to him.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898, periodical, 1897/1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/m1/65/: accessed June 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.