The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 16
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16 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
and remained there several months, seeking admission to their
seats in Congress, but in vain. Texas was the last of the Southern
States to be reconstructed according to President Johnson's plans,
and by the time she sought recognition at Washington the radi-
cal Republicans, led by Wade, Sumner, Stevens, Grow, and Colfax,
were determined to inaugurate a .system of military reconstruction
under Congressional control. While the Texas delegation were
waiting to be 'accepted, Senator Roberts drew up an "Address to
the People of the United States," 'which was signed by the delega-
tion and published in the National Intelligencer, attracting wide
and favorable attention at Washington and throughout the coun-
try. It was the only paper of the kind promulgated by any South-
ern State, and as an impartial statment of facts, with a pro-
found exposition of the constitutional rights and attitude of the
lately seceded States, it produced a marked impression in official
When the State government was overthrown by military order,
in 1867, our people submitted to the horrors of congressional re-
construction for the Biblical period of probation, and ex-Judge,
ex-Senator Roberts retired to private life. He at once began the
practice of law, which was of course precarious under existing con-
ditions, and conducted la small law school at Gilmer. 'This quiet and
uneventful period of his life was in many ways the most pleasant,
as it was certainly a very useful part of his career. He taught the
principles of the science he loved and thoroughly understood to a
select class of earnest, ambitious youths, whose subsequent success
they always justly ascribed to his tutorship and influence. Some
of them have risen to great distinction in law and politics. One
was a Supreme Judge, one was attorney general, another became
United States Senator, and they have all been m'en of worth,
weight, and usefulness in life.
After seven years of sacrificial suffering at the hands of "carpet-
bag" and "scalawag" rule, Texas finally secured a restoration of her
constitutional sovereignty as a State in the Union, in 1874, and
her leading sons resumed their headship of affairs. Under the
Constitution of 1869, the judges of the Supreme Court were five
in number and appointed by the Governor to hold for nine years.
But in order to get rid of the famous (or infamous) "semicolon
court" appointed by Governor Davis in 1870, a constitutional
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/20/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.