The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 282
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282 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
men, headed by Capt. Alonso de Leon. *With his soldiers, the
above-mentioned commander went to the sea, and following along
the coast, they passed the Rico Bravo with considerable difficulty.
This river is the same found at the passage into New Mexico, and
the Indians give it various names, for it is called by different per-
sons Rio Bravo, Rio Grande, Rio Turbio. In New Mexico it was
never known whence this river -originate'd; all that was ever found
out was that it issued from the Gran Quivira. Thus said the In-
dians who came to New Mexico from the interior.
But let us turn our attention again to the route taken by Capt.
Alonso de Leon and his soldiers. After crossing the Rio Bravo,
they reached another river, to which they gave the name of Rio Solo.
This river, it seems, forms at its mouth a lake which they were
unable to pass, and they returned to the New Kingdom -of Leon
without having had any news of the bay of Espiritu Santo, and
still less of the French who were settled about this bay.
By order -of His Excdllency, the afore-mentioned governor sent
a second 'time an expedition to discover the bay, and he sent two
companies of cavalry led by Capt. Alonso de Leon, 'and they ar-
rived the second 'time at the Rio Solo, when, not able to proceed
any further, they returned without bringing any information.
Now, since they had twice gone down to the sea-coast, and ,on both
occasions failed to learn anything, they considered the whole report
as being unfounded. So it came about that they paid no more
attention to 'the matter, and took no further steps concerning it.
At that time I was living at the Mission Caldera, in the province
of Coahuilla, whither I had gone with the intention 'of seeing
whether I could make investigations and obtain information about
the interior of the country to the north and north-east, on account
of facts gathered from a letter now in my possession, which had
been given in Madrid to 'the Father Fray Antonio Binaz. This let-
ter treats of what the blessed Mother Maria 'de Jesus de Agreda made
known in her convent to the Father Custodian 'of New Mexico,
Fray Alonso de Benavides. And the blessed M'other tells of hav-
ing been frequently to New Mexico and to the Gran Quivira, ad-
ding that eastward from the Gran Quivira are situated the kingdoms
of Ticlas, T.heas, and Caburcol. 'She also says that these names
are not exactly the ones belonging to those kingdoms, but come
close to the real names. Because of this information, brought 'by
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/286/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.