The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 40
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40 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
reiterate the terms of the executive ordinance, adopting the 'Com-
mon law of England in all criminal matters; third, to specially pro-
vide for grand juries; fourth, to continue the authority of the
Louisiana codes in the special cases mentioned in the executive
ordinances; fifth, to continue in force the former laws of Coahuila
and Texas in all other civil matters; sixth, to authorize appeals from
the decision of the primary court in any municipality to the like
court in any adjoining municipality; and, seventh, to increase the
jurisdiction of alcaldes to cases involving as much as fifty dollars.9
The most striking peculiarity 'of this plan is the absence of any
court of 'last resort, without which uniformity of decision is unat-
tainable. As the plan, however, was only temporary, this omission
was no serious defect.
'The Provisional Government, though embarrassed by much in-
ternal strife, and the disordered condition -of the country, sus-
tained itself against the hostile invasions from Mexico. Difficulties
increased, and the Council decided that it was proper that the
Convention, which was to assemble on March 1, 1836, should be
more thoroughly representative than the adjourned Consultation,
and on Decemnber 10, 1835, it passed 'an 'ordinance providing for
an election, to be held throughout the state, on February 1, 1836,
to select delegates to such a body, to meet at Washington.10 The
Governor objected to some of the provisions of this act, and vetoed
it, but on the succeeding day it was passed 'over his opposition."
The ordinance calling for this election is not set out in the journals
of the Council. The preamble to the journal of the ,Convention
gives the date of the passage of the ordinance as December 11, and
of its approval by the Governor as December 13. The dates given
herein are taken from the journals of the 'Council. 'The election for
delegates was duly held.
The Convention assembled at Washington on March 1, 1836, and
immediately organized. On the next ,day it adopted the Texas Dec-
laration of Independence, and proclaimed the Republic of Texas a
free, sovereign, 'and independent Nation. In this new nation, the
Anglo-American element was overwhelmingy predominant, and its
9 Orders and Decrees of the General Council, p. 135.
10 Proceedings of the General Council, p. 101.
1Z Ibid., p. 112.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/44/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.