The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 53
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Development of the Texas Judicial System. 53
this time the Supreme Court consisted of a chief justice and the
district judges sitting together. This plan, impracticable under
most circumstances, was of great value then; it was the unifying
and harmonizing element in the system. The laws of Coahuila and
Texas were in a language unknown to most of the judges, and to
a large extent inaccessible to the few that could have translated
them. 'The enactments of Congress on methods of procedure were
meagre, and the meeting and interchanging of views on these mat-
ters by the several district judges, 'when assembled for the pur-
pose of holding the Supreme Court, must have been salutary in its
influence, and have had a strong tendency to introduce the same
procedure in all courts.
During the year 1845 it was definitely determined that the Re-
public of Texas should surrender its nationality, and take a place
as a State in the Federal Union. A State constitution looking to
this end was prepared and adopted; State officers were elected;
and on February 16, 1846, the State government was organized,
the Republic of Texas passed into history, and in her stead the
State of Texas became a member of the United States of America.22
The formative period of her history had passed. Though there
have been many modifications made from time to time to adjust
herself to the varying conditions of her development, the funda-
mental ideas of her jurisprudence have remained unchanged. T'o
trace the most important of these modifications affecting her judi-
cial system will be the purpose of a subsequent paper.
2 Cocke vs. Calkin & Co., 1 Texas, 541; Calkin vs. Cocke, 14 How-
ard, 235; Lee vs. King, 21 Texas, 577.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/57/: accessed November 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.