The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 63
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The Cherokee Nation of Indians.
ship continued. During this time 'he was adopted by the Chief
Oolooteka, as his son. Two years afterwards, he fought in the Creek
war, side by side with the Cherokees, as American allies.
Notwithstanding the vast areas acquired from the Cherokees, they
were still in possession of extensive domains, and these gave rise to
such frequent conflicts with white settlers, that the United States
gcvernment resolved upon separating the hostile elements. As
early as 1803, President Jefferson suggested the exchange with the
Indians of their lands on the east of the Mississippi for equal areas
on the west, lying within the Louisiana purchase. In 1809, a few
Cherokees moved to Arkansas, and ten years later six thousand had
emigrated; the majority, however, resented the most alluring offers,
and clung with superstitious tenacity to their native hills and
streams. Their obstinacy, and the commotion attending it, again
brought Sam Houston in the drama of Cherokee life. He was ap-
pointed sub-agent to the refractory tribe, and successfully carried
out the treaty recently concluded with it.
in 1822, a convention was made between the Cherokees and the
Eimpire of Mexico, by which the Indians were permitted to occupy
and cultivate certain lands in eastern Texas, in consideration of
fealty and service in case of war. Neither the empire, however, nor
its successor, the Republic of Mexico, would consent to part with
their sovereignty in the soil, and persistently refused any other
rights than those of domicile and tillage to the savage tenants.
What is known in Texas history as the Fredonian War, was largely
the result of this refusal. It was inaugurated under a solemn league
entered into in December, 1826, between the white colonists and
the disappointed tribes, and its purpose was to prosecute against
Mexico a war of conquest, and divide the conquered territory. Ow-
ing to a combination of disasters, the expected recruits did not join
the Fredonian standard, and its little army melted away under the
apathy of friends and the overwhelming numbers of enemies.
'In 1825, the Cherokees remaining east of the Mississippi num-
bered about thirteen thousand, and owned about the same number
of slaves. They had adopted many of the habits and industries of
the white man, and were rapidly adopting his laws and his civili-
zation. Trusting to their interpretation of certain treaty guaran-
tees, made by the United States, they formed themselves into a
soereign nation, within the limits of Georgia, which aroused the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/67/: accessed July 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.