The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 64
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64 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
resentment of the State, and resulted in serious complications with
the general government-only tranquilized by tedious negotiations
and wise counsels.
Ir 1828, the government ceded to the Cherokees seven million
acres of land in Arkansas Territory, in exchange for lands east of
the Mississippi. The year following, they were visited in their new
home by their friend and former guest, Sam Houston. In the ten
years that had elapsed since his sub-agency 'among them in the
east, he had achieved distinction at home, had married a young wife,
ana had become Governor of Tennessee. For reasons not histori-
cally known, he had abandoned his bride, abdicated his high office,
became a voluntary exile from civilization, and was then in the wild
home of his friends, seeking the hospitalities of refuge that he
knew would not be denied him. He there found Oolooteka, his
adopted father, who took him to his bosom, and soon made him a
citizen of the Nation. He lived three years among this untutored
but warm-hearted people, and then was called back to civilization
by the President's commission to negotiate a peace with the Com-
anche Indians. This took him to Texas, where distinction awaited
him; also an opportunity to serve his constant friends.
After occupying the Arkansas tract for five years, the Cherokees,
by a new treaty-that of 1833-exchanged it for seven million
acres, lying in the 'present Indian Territory. The Cherokees east
of the Mississippi were, meanwhile, agitating with endless conflicts
the white people and their governments. They were haunted with
the fear of forcible expulsion from their ancestral seats in the east,
and of losing their tribal identity in the common mass of amalgam-
ated savages in the west. There seems to be a sentiment universal
in the human heart to cherish with reverence the ancestral stream
down which has coursed its own life blood. "Even the meanest and
most ignorant of the Tartars," says Gibbon, "preserved with con-
scious pride the inestimable treasure of their genealogy." Pride of
ancestry had deep root in the 'Cherokee breast, and it cried aloud for
resistance to acts that would, at a blow, rob them of both the name
and the home of their fathers. They, therefore, in 1829, set up
their claim to nationality, and to all the sovereign rights that be-
long to it. President Jackson answered this claim by recalling the
fact that, during the Revolutionary war, they were the allies of
Great Britain, and that, consequently, by the event of the war, their
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/68/: accessed April 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.