The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 65
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Cherokee Nation of Indians.
sovereignty, like hers, ceased over every part of the territory em-
braced within the limits of either of the thirteen Colonies. He also
recalled the fact, that, while the government, under the treaty of
1783, received the vanquished -Cherokees "into favor and protec-
tion," it did not restore to them their lost sovereignty. A sullen
discontent rankled in the bosom of these disappointed Indians for
several years. At last, in 1835, a treaty was negotiated with them,
by which they ceded to the United States all their remaining terri-
tory east of the Mississippi, consisting of about eight millions of
acres; and stipulated to remove west two years after the ratification.
The consideration therefor was five million dollars, and the new
home designated was the western outlet lying beyond the Indian
Territory. The removal of the Indians was opposed by John Ross,
their Chief, and excited such general discussion that it forced itself
into the politics of the day.
In this same year of 1835, the Western Cherokees sought recog-
nition of their alleged claim under the Mexican convention of thir-
teen years before. The General Consultation, urged thereto by
Sam Houston, who was a member of that body, also commander
of the Texas army, affirmed their title to the lands they then oc-
cupied north and west of Nacogdoches and lying between the
Neches and Angelina rivers. In February of the following year,
Sam Houston, as chairman of a commission appointed by Governor
Henry Smith concluded with these Indians a treaty of amity, alli-
ance and cession. In 1837 the senate of the Republic of Texas re-
jected the treaty of the Provisional Government, and in 1838 Pres-
ident Lamar directed the attention of congress to this act of the
senate, and to the further fact that Mexico had never, under any
form of government, either conveyed -or promised to convey as
allodial property any portion of the Texras territory then, or at
any time, occupied or claimed by the Cherokees. In July of the
following year the Texan government summoned a conference with
the Indians and proposed to reimburse their expenditures on con-
dition of their peaceable return to the Indian Territory. Their
wily chief, Bowles, 'prolonged -the parley till he could bring up re-
inforcements. A two days' battle resulted. Rusk and Burleson,
with five hundred Texans, drove a thousand braves out of the
land, killing their leader and burning their villages. This appeal
to arms decided the conflict of title in a manner that admitted of
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/69/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.