The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 67
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The Cherokee Nation of Indians
buried far from the tomb of his fathers and unsung in the solemn
dirge of his nation.
After this great national bereavement, 'the factions grew more
violent, and so great 'becaane their rancor that within the short
space of la few months the annals of this wretched people were
stained with a record of thirty-three murders of the nation's dis-
tinguisthed men. The United States again interiposed their au-
thority to put an end Ito this state ,of anarchy and crime. Commis-
sioners conferred with representatives of the three factions and
negotiated ,with them a plan of pacification out of which grew the
treaty of 1846. It provided for the extinctionn of all sectional pol-
icies and a general amnesty of all political offenses; it also re-
affirmed 'and extended the cession of land already made, and pro-
vided for their reversion to the United IStates in case 'of the extinc-
tion of the Cherokees or their abandonment 'of the possession.
After an interval of comparative repose, 'the Cherokees were
again aroused by serious disturbance. White settlers were tres-
passing upon their territory, and abolitionists from the North were
corrupting their slaves. T/he United States, in 1860, sent troops
to expel the invaders, but the Civil War put a stop to these mili-
tary operations. The war itself was the signal for further intestine
strife. The Indians were divided ,on the question 'of slavery, and
were, therefore, divided in their allegiance between the two con-
tending sections. The Ross party was in sympathy with the North;
its opponents were friendly to the South. The two factions, how-
ever, met in convention and there healed their differences, and as
a single nation formed an alliance with the Confederate States.
They organized two regiments for the Southern army, and placed
them in command of Col. Drew and Col. Stand Watie, adherents
of the Ross and 'anti-Ross parties, respectively. Col. Drew's regi-
ment 'of Ross men soon deserted the Confederate colors and enlist-
ed in the United States service. Ross 'then renounced his affilia-
tions with the South and threw himself into the arms of the Fed-
eral government, not, however, to incur any peril in its defense,
but to hide under the 'shadow of its protection; for he at 'once took
refuge in the safe city of Philadelphia, in which he closely abided
till the close of the war. The Indian T'erritory, meantime, became
the theatre of guerilla warfare, and its warring factions daily grew
in the fervor of their mutual hatred.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/71/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.