The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 68
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68 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
At the close of the war the United States became anxious to
define their authority and to readjust Indian reservations con-
formably with plans to promote western emigration of citizens from
the States. In pursuance of this purpose, delegates from all the
tribes were summoned -to meet in council at Fort Smith, and
although no definite treaty resulted from this meeting, it afforded
the commissioners an opportunity to submit the demands of the
United States government for the preservation of peace and public
order. It also enabled them to denounce John Ross as a public
disturber, and degrade him from his chieftaincy; and it further
afforded them the personal conference necessary to give adequate
instructions :to the two Cherokee factions for the submission of
their grievances to the general government. For the purposes of
this last object, representatives of the Federal and Confederate ele-
ments of the Nation repaired early in 1866 to Washington, where
for several months their cause was judicially considered, though
the court failed to effect the reunion so ardently desired by the
goverment. In consequence separate treaties were negotiated with
the hostile sections. In June that with the Southern Cherokees
was concluded, 'by which a certain portion of the reservation was
set apart for their exclusive use 'and subject to their exclusive juris-
diction. In July that with the Northern Cherokees was made, and
inasmuch as they were in the majority, and in undisputed posses-
sion of the machinery of government, the treaty with them was
made binding 'on the whole Nation. It provided by its terms for
the 'establishment of a Federal court and one or more military posts
in the Nation, also a general inter-tribal council; it authorized,
under certain conditions, the settlement of other tribes in the Na-
tion; it ceded to -the United States in trust its "neutral" land and
its "Oherokee strip," to be sold for the benefit of the Nation; it
provided a right of way through the Nation from north to south
and one from east to west for the construction of railroads; and it
guaranteed the Cherokees in the peacable possession of their lands,
in the enjoyment of their domestic institutions, and against the
unauthorized intrusions of white men. Two years later a supple-
mental article to this treaty was confirmed, whereby was ratified
the sale .of the "neutral land" made by the United States. Four
years after this the government began the sale, in limited parcels,
of the "Cherokee strip."
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/72/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.