The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899 Page: 70
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70 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
in violation of treaty engagements. In consequence, an order was
promulgated, forbidding the removal of aliens unless by judicial
process after due trial and approval by the Department of the In-
terior. The harsh procedure proposed by the Nation's legislative
council was thus averted, but for ten years the questions involved
provoked angry and unending conferences between the Federal gov-
ernment and the Nation, ,and kept the threatened classes in per-
petual fear of physical harm or of ultimate eviction from their
The United States government sought to remedy these evils,
which, it was thought, resulted from the system of holding the en-
tire Indian domain in a single unbroken tribal tract. Provision was,
therefore, made, under act of February 8, 1887, for the allotment
of lands in severalty to Indians on the different reservations. Four
years later, part of the cause of the irritation was removed by the
retrocession to the United States of the six million acre tract
known as the "Cherokee Outlet" ,and the enrichment of the Chero-
kee treasury by a deposit ,of -eight million dollars to its credit.
By act of March 3, 1893, Congress, among other measures of
relief, made provision for the training school of the Cherokee set-
tlement in North Carolina-the last remnant of the Nation east of
the Mississippi. By the same act the system of land allotments al-
ready inaugurated -was further strengthened and promoted. To
this end the President was directed to appoint three commissioners
to negotiate with the Five Civilized T'ibes, of which the Cherokee
Nation is one, for the surrender of tribal title to all lands in the
Territory, either by cession to the United States, or by allotment
in severalty among the Indians, or by other equitable means to be
agreed on-this extinguishment of title to be the precursor of the
creation of one or more States out of the lands so taken from the
national domain. The agency created under this law is known as
the Dawes Commission, so called from the name of its chairman.
It has been perpetuated and its powers enlarged by subsequent acts,
the last of which abolishes tribal courts in the Territory, substitut-
ing Federal courts in their stead, and gives to the President the
veto power over all acts of tribal councils. Thus despoiled of a
Nation's vital functions, but little remains to be done to complete
the destruction of tribal autonomy; that little may be safely predi-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899, periodical, 1898/1899; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/m1/74/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.