The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 114
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114 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
or were in fact Flour Bluff at the southeast end of the high lands
extending to it from Nueces bay. The latter is the most probable,
for all the facts identify Corpus Christi Bay, and Pineda's descrip-
tion places the high sand hills at the southeast portion of the bay he
describes; and Cabeza does not say what he saw was where he struck
the point of land. But the high points or hills in the northwestern
part of Corpus Christi might have been referred to, and the Nueces
Bay taken for Espiritu Santo River. And further on the Nueces
River was deemed by them to be the Espiritu Santo. The small bay
twelve leagues below Corpus Christi, now called Cayo de Grullo, is
certainly that to which the party of Castillo and Dorantes went
after crossing the ancon a league wide. It is narrow and at the
proper distance, and is another mark identifying Corpus Christi
In Smith's addendum under chapter XVII, taken from the letter.
it appears that "Asturiano, the clergyman, with a negro, were living
[the first winter] on an island where they went for subsistence, sit-
uated back of the one on which the boats were lost. The Indians
brought them again across the bay in a canoe to the island where
were AndrBs Dorantes, Alonso de Castillo, Diego Dorantes, Pedro
Valdivieso, with six others who had survived cold and hunger." ha
This fully shows that Matagorda Island may serve as the one back
of St. Joseph's, from which it is separated by the narrow channel
now called Cedar Bayou.
The condition they were in being considered, if Dorantes' party
followed the coast round from the mouth of Aransas river, it might
well have taken them four days to reach the ancon, at Corpus
Christi; but as Cabeza and Oviedo were accompanied by some In-
dians, they may have been guided directly to this reef crossing,
reaching it in one day.
Taking all these facts together, they present a fair representation
of a route on the main from in front of Cedar Bayou to Corpus
Christi, which can not be so well fitted to any other portion of the
Gulf coast, and it will be presumed that this identifies that part of
the route with reasonable certainty.
With Pineda's description in mind, and standing on the high
land at Corpus Christi, the white sand bank called Flour Bluff may
1la Smith's translation, p. 95.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/122/: accessed August 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.