The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 119
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Route of Cabeza de Vaca. 119
to discoveries made on the first voyage of Pineda, who ran the
northern shore of the Gulf of Mexico for Garay in the year 1519.
That Alvar Nufiez was informed of the extent of northern explora-
tions may be supposed from a document existing of record from the
king, directing him to apply to the officers of the Contratacion in
Sevilla, 'of whom, outside of this instruction, you will ask a rela-
tion of the notices that it shall appear to them you ought to have
knowledge of, and to possess touching the matters of that country.' "
In his "Mojones de los Indio per hacia el Norte," G6mara men-
tions Espiritu Santo Bay in rather a confused manner, by omitting
before it one of Pineda's calls and putting Rio de Piscadores where
the bay should have been named, in 28 30' N. From there he says:
"Hay cien leguas hasta el rio de las Palmas, por cerca del cual atra-
viesa el tropico de Cancro. Del rio de Palmas al Rio Panuco
hay mas de trienta leguas." There are one hundred leagues to the
Rio de las Palmas, near to which crosses the tropic of Cancer. From
the Rio de las Palmas to the Rio Panuco there are more than thirty
leagues. And as G6mara wrote after 1540 and published in 1553,
before the survey was made by Villafafie and Seron in 1561, he must
have obtained his information from the Contratacion at Sevilla, or
from a copy of Pineda's map in Madrid. So we may presume that
Cabeza expected to find the Panuco settlements within one hundred
and thirty leagues from where he took the bay to be the one called
Espiritu Santo,-and this seemed to be the common impression of
those cast upon Mal-Hado; from which place they sent out four of
their party to go along the coast to PAnuco. And Cabeza says: "We
also agreed that four men of the most robust should go on to PAn-
uco, which we believed to be near," 8 this being when they first got
on the island, and before they had seen the bay they thought to be
Espiritu Santo. The way to Panuco was what he thought to find
out while peddling; and he explored the coast down for forty or
fifty leagues, and tells the names of the tribes he met along there;
and when he told Castillo his "purpose was to go to a land of Chris-
tians, and that in this pursuit and search I was going,"'9 he doubt-
less meant the Spanish settlements in the province of Panuco. All
this shows that they were aiming for Panuco when they finally ran
' Naufragios, Cap. XIII.
I9 Ibid., Cap. XVII.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/127/: accessed June 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.