The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 120
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120 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
off to the Avavares. And further on it will be seen that they were
within twenty leagues of the Gulf coast four or five days after cross-
ing the Bravo. Then the conclusion follows, that when Cabeza and
Oviedo separated, the former was fully resolved to make his way
finally to the Spaniards at Panuco, and the latter to spend his days
with the Indians.
The next important point is the place where Cabeza and his com-
rades left their Indian masters and fled to the Avavares.
While Cabeza is not very clear about how long it was after hear-
ing of his countrymen till he met them, it is plain that they did not
meet until two days after Oviedo turned back to the women.
Of the Indians they met there, Cabeza says: "They also said that
if we desired to see those three Christians, three days from then the
Indians who had them were coming to eat nuts one league from
there, on the bank of that river."20
How are the parts of this statement to be understood? How long
did he and Oviedo stay with those Indians, and how many days were
they suffering the cruel treatment he mentions? Had they moved
on in any direction in the meantime? While Cabeza does not
plainly answer these questions, he does say those women who crossed
the ancon21 with them were some distance behind when Oviedo de-
termined to go back with them, which may have occurred three or
more days journey from where they crossed.
"Two days after Lope de Oviedo had gone, the Indians who had
Alonso del Castillo and Andr6s Dorantes came to the same place
that they had told us of to eat of those nuts with which they main-
tain themselves, grinding some small grains with them, two months
of the year, without eating anything else, and even this they do not
have every year, because one they are produced and another not.
They are of the size of those of Galicia, and the trees are very
large, and there are a great many of them."22
These were not black walnut trees, else he would have applied to
them the term nogales, as he did to the walnut trees in Florida,28
and would have called the nuts nieces encarciladas or silvestres, to
so Naufragios, Cap. XVI.
21 This word is usually applied to very small bays and the narrow pas-
sages connecting large bays.
" Naufragios, Cap. XVII.
St8Ibid., Cap. VII.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/128/: accessed November 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.