The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 124
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124 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
If he reckoned from in front of Mal-Hado, then his forty or fifty
leagues down the coast reached the Arroyo Colorado, and within
forty miles of the present city of Brownsville. And his acquaint-
ance with the habitations and names of the tribes along the coast
shows that he did go along there. He says:
"In the isle of Mal-Hado there are two tongues; the people of
one are called Coaques, of the other, Han. On the main, in front
of the island are others, called de Chorruco, and they take the name
of the woods where they live. Further ahead, on the coast of the
sea, there live others called Doguenes, and in front of them others
who have for their name los de Mendica. Further forward on the
coast are the Guevenes, and in front of them, in on the main land,
the Mariames, and going forward along the coast, are others called
Guaycones, and in front of these, inland on tierra firme, the Iguaces.
At the end of these are others called Atayos, and behind these,
others Acubadaos, and of these there are many forward along this
path. On the coast live others called Quitoles, and in front of
these, within on the main land, are the Avavares.29 There unite
with these the Maliacones and other Cutalchiches, and others called
Susolas, and others called Comos. And forward on the coast are
the Camoles, and on the same coast, others we called los de los
Higos. All these tribes have habitations and villages and tongues
There are six tribes mentioned as living along the coast from in
front of Mal-Hado and eleven living inland opposite to the six.
If each of these six tribes be allowed eight leagues space along the
coast, they will extend down forty-eight leagues, showing that Ca-
beza traveled along the coast that distance; and it will be shown
further on that these Avavares, Maliacones, etc., were on his path
near where he crosses the river as wide as that at Sevilla, and where
he ends chapter XXV of his relation to introduce this account of
the nations and tongues. From this it will appear that he was
traveling down parallel with the coast.
Cabeza does not state the distance or direction he traveled inland
to where he made his exchanges or barters; but these facts may be
ascertained from the natural things he obtained there.
"Felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas."
29 These Avavares are the ones they went to when they ran off.
3* Naufragios, Cap. XXVI.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/132/: accessed December 15, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.