The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 136
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136 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
will be named; but the mention of some things would indicate that
it might have been about the first of February.
The onward march from the first houses after crossing the river
will still further identify the Jamaica as the proper crossing. On
leaving the Indian houses not far from the ford, they went to other
Indians, where they were well received and given the venison killed
In 1750 there was a village of Indians about a day's march from
the Jamaica crossing, and on the sixth of March, 1753, Escandon
established the town of Mier there, on the bank of a small stream
called del Alamo. These Indians being of the tribes called Garzas
and Malaguecos, who were of the most docile and timid character, of
their own volition congregated with the Spanish settlers, and did
not rebel against Mier's being founded on lands they had occupied
in past epochs. Some years later they became mixed with the fam-
ilies of the new settlers, losing their languages and entering com-
pletely into a new life."8
These Malaguecos may have been the same tribe Cabeza called
Maliacones that went with the Avavares, whose territory or range
may have extended down the Bravo to in front of Mier, a place ever
to be remembered by Texans, which marks the spot where Cabeza
and his comrades spent the first night after leaving the place where
they saw the gourds.
The next day they went to other Indians, perhaps on the little
stream where Zamora now stands, or on the San Juan, where Pefia-
blanca is now. They went from there to where were the numerous
houses and lighter colored Indians, many of whom Cabeza says were
blind of one eye. But allowance for his inclination to magnify will
show that these were the Indios Blancos of that section, as he says
they were whiter than any Indians they had seen until then. Since
the earliest explorations in this section these peculiar Indians have
been known under different names, given by the Spaniards to desig-
nate them; as Borrados (blotted), Rayones (striped), Blancos
(white), etc., and were understood to be of the Nahoa family; and
at that time there were families of them where Monterey is now
and in the surrounding country.64
6 Prieto: Historia Geografica y Estadistica del Estado de Tamaulipas,
64 Velasco: Geografia y Estadistioa, Nuevo Leon, p. 8.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/144/: accessed February 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.