The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 138
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138 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
people, and the following day many men and women came to see
those Christians and their miracles, and to bring them things they
From the San Juan River over to the San Lorenzo at the foot of
the Pamoranes mountain is about five leagues, and the Indian set-
tlement at the southeast end of the mountain was down the San
Lorenzo and toward the sea.
After much parley, the Indians insisting that the route the Span-
iards were about to take was without people or subsistence, Cabeza
"They entreated us to remain there that day, and we did so. Then
they sent two men to look for people along the road by which we de-
sired to go; and the next day we left, taking with us many of them,
and the women went, loaded with water, and so great was our au-
thority among them that no one dared to drink without our per-
Two leagues from there we met the men who had gone to hunt
the people, and they said they had found none, of which the Indians
seemed sorry, and again importuned us to go by the mountain. We
declined to do so, and seeing our determination, though with much
sorrow, they took leave of us and returned down the river to their
houses, and we went on up the river. In a little while we met two
women loaded, and on seeing us they halted and unloaded them-
selves, and brought us some of what they were carrying, which was
flour of maize; and they told us that further forward on that river
we should find houses and plenty of prickly pears and of that flour.
So we took leave of them, because they were going to the others we
We went on till sunset, and arrived at a village of about twenty
houses, where they received us crying and with great sorrow, be-
cause they already knew that wherever we went everybody was
sacked and robbed by those accompanying us. When they saw us
alone they lost their fear and gave us prickly pears and nothing else.
We remained there that night.""
Here the formation of the country is calculated to impress wrong-
ly anyone going the route pursued by Cabeza. The San Juan river,
where he first met those whiter Indians, flows to the northeast to-
wards the Rio Grande, and going across the Llano de Flores it ap-
"8 Naufragios, Cap. XXVIII.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/146/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.