The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 150
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150 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
tions resulting from the appropriation of most of the resources in
men and material wealth to the success of the war. The special
legislation of the period indicated the inception of a great number
of manufacturing enterprises, encouraged by a "Chinese wall"
more effective than the protective tariff. The last legislation of
this period is dated November 15, 1864; on the 12th of that month
most scathing resolutions denunciatory of the North were passed.
In the legislative history of the State there is a gap between No-
vember 15, 1864, and March, 1866. In the interval was Appa-
mattox, and afterwards the last victory of a cause whose very
triumphs led to ultimate defeat. In the interval was a time en-
tirely without government, a military government, and an effort to
return to civil government.
The convention which met in 1866 had not lost all of the spirit
of defiance which had characterized the South during the war. The
Constitution declares slavery terminated "by force of arms," gives
the negro a limited right to testify, but excludes him from the
ballot. One ordinance of the Convention was "to provide for a
division of the State of Texas."
The most notable general legislation of the legislature following
the adoption of the Constitution of 1866 was the acts undertaking
to deal with the freedmen. That confidence was restored is indi-
cated by the very large number of acts of incorporation. Among
the charters were several for the development of petroleum wells.
The Austin dam enterprise was anticipated by a charter to the
"Austin City Water Works."
Volume VI begins with the "reconstruction acts." This is fol-
lowed by the ordinances of the Convention, which met June 1, 1868,
to form a constitution for submission to Congress.
The remainder of Volume VI is taken up with doings of the
legislative body which has passed into history as the "Notorious
Twelfth." These fifteen hundred pages cover its labors at two
sessions only-the called session of 1870 and the regular session
of 1871. A review of the work of these sessions is not prac-
ticable. It is enough to say that they contributed their share to
making the reconstruction period the darkest in the history of the
R. L. BATTS.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/158/: accessed August 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.